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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2018 ) > List of Articles


Comparative Evaluation of Flexural Strength of Nano-zirconia-integrated Pressable Feldspathic and Lithium Disilicate Ceramics

Chengalvarayan Sasikala, N Gopi Chander

Citation Information : Sasikala C, Chander NG. Comparative Evaluation of Flexural Strength of Nano-zirconia-integrated Pressable Feldspathic and Lithium Disilicate Ceramics. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (3):339-344.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2263

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).



The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare the flexural strength of nano-reinforced zirconia feldspathic porcelain, lithium disilicate ceramics, and zirconia.

Materials and methods

Ten bar-shaped specimens of computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) zirconia, reinforced feldspathic porcelain, and reinforced lithium disilicate were fabricated in accordance to International Organization for Standardization (ISO 6872; n = 10). Feldspathic porcelain and lithium disilicate ceramic specimens were reinforced with 5, 10, 15, and 20% of zirconia nanoparticles through a customized technique. The specimens were subjected to three-point flexural strength test using universal testing machine (UTM) and examined for crack propagation using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). One­way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test were used to analyze the data (p < 0.05).


The flexural strength of feldsphatic porcelain increased with the increase in the concentration of zirconia particles. The mean flexural strength of 5, 10, 15, and 20% nano-zirconia-incorporated lithium disilicate was 93.8, 97.1, 100.6, and 100.8 MPa respectively, and was lower than the control group (221.7 MPa). A significant difference in the flexural strength was found with the incorporation of nano-zirconia particles.


The flexural strength of zirconia-integrated feldspathic porcelain increased and lithium disilicate ceramics decreased with the nano-zirconia reinforcement.

Clinical significance

The simplified approach of reinforcing feldspathic porcelain with zirconia nanoparticles can be adapted in clinical situations of higher masticatory forces.

How to cite this article

Sasikala C, Chander NG. Comparative Evaluation of Flexural Strength of Nano-zirconia-integrated Pressable Feldspathic and Lithium Disilicate Ceramics. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018;19(3):339-344.

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