An Evaluation of Mandibular Dental and Basal Arch Dimensions in Class I and Class II Division 1 Adult Syrian Patients using Cone-beam Computed Tomography
Mohammad Y Hajeer, Layal H Al-Hilal, Kinda Sultan, Ghiath Mahmoud, Abdulrahman A Wanli
Basal arch, Class I, Class II-1, Cone-beam computed tomography, Dental arch, Intercanine width, Intermolar width
Citation Information :
Hajeer MY, Al-Hilal LH, Sultan K, Mahmoud G, Wanli AA. An Evaluation of Mandibular Dental and Basal Arch Dimensions in Class I and Class II Division 1 Adult Syrian Patients using Cone-beam Computed Tomography. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (4):431-437.
Aim: The aim of this study is (1) to inspect any difference in mandibular arch widths between males and females in class I and class II division 1 (class II-1) malocclusions using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), (2) to compare the mandibular dental and basal widths between the two groups, and (3) to investigate any possible correlation between dental and basal arch widths in both groups.
Materials and methods: The CBCT images of 68 patients aged between 18 and 25 years consisted of 34 class I (17 males and 17 females) and 34 class II-1 (17 males and 17 females) who were recruited at the Department of Orthodontics, University of Damascus Dental School (Syria). Using on-demand threedimensional (3D) on axial views, facial axis points for dental measurements and basal bone center (BBC) points for basal measurements were identified on lower canines and first molars. Dental and basal intercanine width (ICW) and intermolar width (IMW) were measured.
Results: Independent t-test showed a statistically significant difference between males and females in several variables in both groups and a statistically significant difference between class I and class II-1 groups in the basal ICW for both genders and in the dental ICW for females only (p < 0.05). In class I group, Pearson\'s correlation coefficients between dental and basal measurements showed a strong correlation in the IMW for both genders (r. 0.73; p < 0.01) and a moderate correlation in females\' ICW (r = 0.67; p < 0.01). In the class II-1 group, a moderate correlation in females\' IMW (r = 0.67; p < 0.01) was found.
Conclusion: Females compared with males had narrower dimensions. Class I patients had larger ICW than class II-1 patients in all measurements and had narrower IMW than class II-1 in most measurements for both genders. There were moderate-to-strong correlations between dental and basal dimensions. BBC points might be landmarks that accurately represent the basal bone arch.
Clinical significance: CBCT-based assessments of dental and basal arch dimensions provide a great opportunity to accurately evaluate these aspects, to enhance clinicians’ decisions regarding proper tooth movements, and to achieve good dentoalveolar intra-arch harmony.
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