The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 4 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles


Impact of Oral Health and Sociodemographic Factors on Quality of Life: A Cross-sectional Study

Rafaella de S Leão, Juliana RS Maior, Fábio C Pereira, Gabriela QM Monteiro, Sandra LD de Moraes

Keywords : Oral health, Oral health impact profile-14, Quality of life

Citation Information : Leão RD, Maior JR, Pereira FC, Monteiro GQ, Moraes SL. Impact of Oral Health and Sociodemographic Factors on Quality of Life: A Cross-sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (4):438-442.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2280

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-04-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of oral health and socioeconomic variables on the quality of life in a sample of low-income Brazilians. Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 400 adults assisted by the Rescuing Smiles Social Program (Pernambuco University) in June 2014 in the town of Arcoverde, Pernambuco. Two 18+ physically and mentally healthy people were chosen to participate in the study per household. The data obtained were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney tests. Results: About 75% of participants were female, averaging 42.65 years; 59% had elementary schooling and 27% were illiterate; 63% of them needed dental restorative treatment, 59.5% periodontal, and 43.3% surgical procedures; and 68.2% of the respondents showed partial tooth loss, 22.8% were totally edentulous, and 9% had full dentition. Oral health impact profile (OHIP)-14 average score was 14.91, considered low. The highest averages were observed in low-income individuals (16.25). Individuals with total or partial tooth loss had an average 14.26 and 15.79, respectively, thus showing a statistically significant difference as compared with total dentate (9.86). Conclusion: Although low-income individuals with tooth loss showed the highest OHIP-14 averages, it could be concluded that oral condition did not affect the quality of life of most individuals in the population studied. Clinical significance: Thus, oral health did not have a significant impact on respondent health awareness. This study showed the need to better inform the public of the relevance of oral health to quality of life.

PDF Share
  1. Sischo L, Broder HL. Oral health-related quality of life: what, why, how, and future implications. J Dent Res 2011 Nov;90(11):1264-1270.
  2. Bilic S, Blomberg I, Burry K, Chong E, Yeung E, Ariyawardana A. Oral-health-related quality of life of dental patients: a hospital based study in far north Queensland, Australia. J Investig Clin Dent 2017 Aug;8(3):1-6.
  3. Kim HY, Jang MS, Chung CP, Paik DI, Park YD, Patton LL, Ku Y. Chewing function impacts oral health-related quality of life among institutionalized and community-dwelling Korean elders. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2009 Oct;37(5):468-476.
  4. Henriques C, Telarolli Júnior R, Loffredo LC, Montandon AA, Campos JA. Autopercepção das condições de saúde bucal de idosos do município de Araraquara-SP. Cien Odontol Bras 2007 Jul-Sep;10(3):67-73.
  5. Slade GD, Spencer AJ. Development and evaluation of the oral health impact profile. Community Dent Health 1994 Mar;11(1):3-11.
  6. Slade GD. Derivation and validation of a short-form oral health impact profile. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1997 Aug;25(4):284-290.
  7. Navabi N, Nakhaee N, Mirzadeh A. Validation of a Persian version of the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14). Iran J Public Health 2010 Dec;39(4):135-139.
  8. Montero-Martín J, Bravo-Pérez M, Albaladejo-Martínez A, Hernández-Martín LA, Rosel-Gallardo EM. Validation the oral health impact profile (OHIP-14sp) for adults in Spain. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2009 Jan;14(1):E44-E50.
  9. Oliveira BH, Nadanovsky P. Psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the oral health impact profile-short form. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2005 Aug;33(4):307-314.
  10. Zar, H. Biostatistical analysis/Jerrold. 4th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall; 1999. p. 529.
  11. Brazil, Ministry of Health (MH). SB project Brazil 2010: main results. Brasília: MH; 2011.
  12. da Costa EH, Saintrain MV, Vieira AP. Autopercepção da condição de saúde bucal em idosos institucionalizados e não institucionalizados. Ciên Saúde Colet 2010 Sep;15(6): 2925-2930.
  13. Silva SR, Fernandes RA. Autopercepção das condições de saúde bucal por idosos. Rev Saúde Públ 2001 Aug;35(4): 349-355.
  14. Locker D, Slade G. Association between clinical and subjective indicators of oral health status in an older population. Gerodontology 1994 Dec;11(2):108-114.
  15. Papagianni CE, van der Meulen MJ, Naeije M, Lobbezoo F. Oral health-related quality of life in patients with tooth wear. J Oral Rehabil 2013 Mar;40(3):185-190.
  16. Botello-Harbaum MT, Matthews AG, Collie D, Vena DA, Craig RG, Curro FA, Thompson VP, Broder HL; PEARL Network. Level of oral health impacts among patients participating in PEARL: a dental practice-based research network. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2012 Aug;40(4):332-342.
  17. Tsakos G, Sheiham A, Iliffe S, Kharicha K, Harari D, Swift CG, Gillman G, Stuck AE. The impact of educational level on oral health-related quality of life in older people in London. Eur J Oral Sci 2009 Jun;117(3):286-292.
  18. Guerra MJ, Greco RM, Leite IC, Ferreira e Ferreira F, de Paula MV. Impact of oral health conditions on the quality of life of workers. Ciên Saúde Colet 2014 Dec;19(12):4777-4786.
  19. Mesquita FA, Vieira S. Impacto da condição autoavaliada de saúde bucal na qualidade de vida. Rev Gaucha Odontol 2009 Oct-Dec;57(4):401-406.
  20. Ekanayake L, Perera I. A associação entre o estado clínico de saúde bucal e os impactos orais experimentados por idosos no Sri Lanka. J Reabil Oral 2004;31:831-836.
  21. Nutbeam D. Alfabetização em saúde como objetivo de saúde pública: um desafio para uma educação sanitária contemporânea e estratégias de comunicação para o século XXI. Health Promot Int 2000; 15(3)259-267.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.