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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 5 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Occurrence of Malocclusion in Patients with Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorders

Naif A Bindayel

Keywords : Disorders, Malocclusion, Orofacial, Prevalence, Temporomandibular

Citation Information : Bindayel NA. Occurrence of Malocclusion in Patients with Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Disorders. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (5):477-482.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2287

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: This study aims to investigate the occurrence of malocclusion in patients with orofacial pain and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Materials and methods: A total of 437 standard orthodontic screening forms at a craniofacial pain TMD center were utilized to collect the data for this retrospective study. In addition to patient\'s demographics and Angle\'s molar classification, the following data were collected: Overjet (OJ), overbite (OB), mandibular range of motion, and whether or not there was a posterior crossbite or prior history of orthodontic therapy. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and chi-square tests were then used to detect any statistical significant difference of the secondary variables’ distribution among the three malocclusion groups. Results: The majority of the studied population sample had a class I molar relationship (70.9%), followed by class II (21.1%) and class III molar relationship (8%). Overjet and OB were significantly increased for class II molar relationship group (p < 0.001), where no statistical differences could be identified for the mandibular range of motion between the groups. The prevalence of right and left posterior crossbite was about 12% for both, and most of the crossbites presented within class I molar group. Conclusion: Class I followed by class II molar relationships were found to be the most occurring relationship in the studied population. Posterior crossbite presented in 12% of cases and mostly affected subjects with class I molar relationship. Clinical significance: These findings would aid in recognizing the studied population\'s orthodontic presentation and support the assessment of their transverse interventional needs.


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