Citation Information :
Gowda S, Quadras DD, Sesappa SR, Maiya GR. Comparative Evaluation of Fracture Strength of Different Types of Composite Core Build-up Materials: An in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (5):507-514.
Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the fracture strength of three types of composite core build-up materials. The objectives were to study and evaluate the fracture strength and type of fracture in composite core build-up in restoration of endodontically treated teeth with or without a prefabricated metallic post.
Materials and methods: A total of 60 freshly extracted mandibular premolars free of caries, cracks, or fractures were endodontically treated and restored with composite core build-up with prefabricated metallic posts cemented with resin luting cement (group I) and without a post (group II). This was followed by a core build-up of 10 teeth each with three different types of composite materials: Hybrid composite, nanocomposite, and ormocer respectively. The samples were mounted on polyvinyl chloride block and then loaded in the universal load frame at 90° to the long axis of tooth. The fracture strength of the samples was directly obtained from the load indicator attached to the universal load frame.
Results: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test revealed that teeth restored with post exhibited highest fracture strength (1552.32 N) and teeth restored without post exhibited lowest fracture strength (232.20 N). Bonferroni\'s test revealed that values for hybrid composite (Z-100, 3M ESPE) with post, nanocomposite (Z-350, 3M ESPE) with post, ormocer composite (Admira- VOCO) with post, and nanocomposite (Z-350, 3M ESPE) without post were not significantly different from each other.
Conclusion: Teeth restored with post and core using hybrid composite yielded the highest values for fracture strength. Teeth restored with ormocer core without post exhibited the lowest values. Teeth restored with nanocomposite core without post exhibited strength that was comparable with hybrid composite core but higher than that of ormocer.
Clinical significance: Mutilated endodontically treated teeth can be prosthetically rehabilitated successfully by using adhesive composite core build-up along with post to meet anatomical, functional, and esthetic demands.
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