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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 5 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Fracture Strength of Endodontically treated Maxillary Central Incisors restored with Nickel Chromium and Nonprecious Gold Alloy Casting Post and Cores

Hassan A Khiavi, Sareh Habibzadeh, Shima Safaeian, Mahsa Eftekhar

Keywords : Endodontically treated teeth, Fracture strength, Nonprecious gold alloy, Post and core

Citation Information : Khiavi HA, Habibzadeh S, Safaeian S, Eftekhar M. Fracture Strength of Endodontically treated Maxillary Central Incisors restored with Nickel Chromium and Nonprecious Gold Alloy Casting Post and Cores. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (5):560-567.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2299

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 00-05-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: Since fiber posts are not recommended for teeth under lateral loads, a new alloy containing >80% copper (nonprecious gold or NPG) was introduced with a modulus of elasticity closer to that of dentin and easier preparation. This study aimed to compare the fracture strength of endodontically treated maxillary central incisors restored with nickel chromium (Ni-Cr) and NPG alloys. Materials and methods: Casting post and cores were fabricated of Ni-Cr and NPG alloys for 24 maxillary central incisors (n = 12). Full-metal crowns were also fabricated and placed under cyclin loading in 30 N load and 45° angle, for 250,000 cycles with 2.6 Hz frequency. The fracture strength was measured at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min and 135° angle in a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed using independent t-test. Results: The mean fracture strength was 731.179 ± 327.47 and 1411.89 ± 313.56 N in the Ni-Cr and NPG groups respectively; this difference was statistically significant (p < 0.001). The fracture was irreparable in all teeth since the fracture line was below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ). Conclusion: The fracture strength of teeth restored with cast NPG post and cores was significantly higher than that of teeth restored with cast Ni-Cr post and cores. Clinical significance: Due to proper mechanical properties, NPG post and cores seem to be a suitable choice for restoration of severely damaged anterior teeth, provided that other properties are proven to be acceptable.


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