The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 5 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles


Risk Assessment in Long-term Survival Rates of Dental Implants: A Prospective Clinical Study

Rizwan Mokashi, Punkit S Sudan, Anand M Dharamsi, Rinkee Mohanty, Archana L Misurya, Pradeepta Kaushal

Keywords : Bruxism, Dental implant, Periodontitis, Smoking

Citation Information : Mokashi R, Sudan PS, Dharamsi AM, Mohanty R, Misurya AL, Kaushal P. Risk Assessment in Long-term Survival Rates of Dental Implants: A Prospective Clinical Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (5):587-590.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2303

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-12-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Aim: The present study was done to analyze the risk factors associated with dental implants in its survival rate. Materials and methods: The present study was conducted on 208 patients with 425 dental implants placed. Patients were divided into four groups: group I (diabetes), group II (periodontitis), group III (smoking), and group IV (bruxism). All patients were followed for 8 to 10 years for the survival rates. Results: Out of 425 dental implants, 145 were inserted in 72 males and 280 in 136 females. The difference was significant (p = 0.01). Group I had 16 males and 36 females, group II had 20 males and 32 females, group III had 28 males and 24 females, and group IV had 8 males and 44 females. The difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Out of 425 implants, 90 (21.17%) had failures: 24 dental implants (29%) in group I, 22 dental implants (15.2%) group II, 34 dental implants (27%) in group III, and 10 dental implants (13%) in group IV showed failure. The difference was significant (p < 0.05). Success rate was 70.7% in group I, 83.3% in group II, 80.9% in group III, and 86.3% in group IV. The difference was nonsignificant (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Diabetes, periodontitis, bruxism, and smoking are among various causative factors which affect the survival rate of dental implants. These are risk factors leading to implant failures. Clinical significance: Diabetes, periodontitis, bruxism, and smoking are among various causative factors which affect the survival rate of dental implants.

PDF Share
  1. Schnitman PA, Shulman LB. Recommendations of the consensus development conference on dental implants. J Am Dent Assoc 1979 Mar;98(3):373-377.
  2. Heitz-Mayfield LJ. Peri-implant diseases: diagnosis and risk indicators. J Clin Periodontol 2008 Sep;35(8 Suppl):292-304.
  3. Ricci G, Ricci A, Ricci C. Save the natural tooth or place an implant? Three periodontal decisional criteria to perform a correct therapy. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2011 Feb;31(1):29-37.
  4. Karabucak B, Setzer F. Criteria for the ideal treatment option for failed endodontics: surgical or nonsurgical? Compend Contin Educ Dent 2007 Jun;28(6)304-310.
  5. Esposito M, Hirsch JM, Lekholm U, Thomsen P. Biological factors contributing to failures of osseointegrated oral implants (II). Etiopathogenesis. Eur J Oral Sci 1998 Jun;106(3):721-764.
  6. Shenoff AF, Colwell JA, Bingham SF. Implants for type II diabetic patients: interim report VA implants in diabetic study group. Implant Dent 1994 Fall;3(3):183-185.
  7. Kandasamy B, Kaur N, Tomar GK, Bharadwaj A, Manual L, Chauhan M. Long-term retrospective study based on implant success rate in patients with risk factor: 15-year follow-up. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Jan;19(1):90-93.
  8. Jung RE, Pjetursson BE, Glauser R, Zembic A, Zwahlen M, Lang NP. A systematic review of the 5-year survival and complication rates of implant-supported single crowns. Clin Oral Implants Res 2008 Feb;19(2):119-130.
  9. Albrektsson T, Zarb G, Worthington P, Eriksson AR. The longterm efficacy of currently used dental implants: a review and proposed criteria of success. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1986;1(1):11-25.
  10. Loo WT, Jin LJ, Cheung MN, Wang M. The impact of diabetes on the success of dental implants and periodontal healing. Afr J Biotechnol 2009 Oct;8(19):5122-5127.
  11. Dowell S, Oates TW, Robinson M. Implant success in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus with varying glycemic control: a pilot study. J Am Dent Assoc 2007 Mar;138(3):355-361.
  12. Olson JW, Shernoff AF, Tarlow JL, Colwell JA, Scheetz JP, Bingham SF. Dental endosseous implant assessments in a type 2 diabetic population: a prospective study. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2000 Nov-Dec;15(6):811-818.
  13. Karoussis IK, Kotsovilis S, Fourmousis I. A comprehensive and critical review of dental implant prognosis in periodontally compromised partially edentulous patients. Clin Oral Implants Res 2007 Dec;18(6):669-679.
  14. Quirynen M, Vogels R, Peeters W, van Steenberghe D, Naert I, Haffajee A. Dynamics of initial subgingival colonization of ‘pristine’ peri-implant pockets. Clin Oral Implants Res 2006 Feb;17(1):25-37.
  15. Mengel R, Kreuzer G, Lehmann KM, Flores-de-Jacoby L. A telescopic crown concept for the restoration of partially edentulous patients with aggressive generalized periodontitis: a 3-year prospective longitudinal study. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2007 Jun;27(3):231-239.
  16. De Boever AL, Quirynen M, Coucke W, Theuniers G, De Boever JA. Clinical and radiographic study of implant treatment outcome in periodontally susceptible and nonsusceptible patients: a prospective long-term study. Clin Oral Implants Res 2009 Dec;20(12):1341-1350.
  17. Heitz-Mayfield LJ, Huynh-Ba G. History of treated periodontitis and smoking as risks for implant therapy. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2009;24(Suppl):39-68.
  18. Klokkevold PR, Han TJ. How does smoking, diabetes, and periodontitis affect outcomes of implant treatment. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2007;22(Suppl):173-202.
  19. Bain CA, Moy PK. The association between the failure of dental implants and cigarette smoking. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1993 Jun;8(6):609-615.
  20. Hartshorne J. Does bruxism contribute to dental implant failure? Int Dent 2015 Mar;5(3):38-42.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.