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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 7 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Evaluation of Biomechanical Properties of Four Loops at Different Activation: A Finite Element Method Study

PG Francis, TP Mohamed Haris, Vincy A Margaret, Gazanafer Roshan, Vineeth Menon, Venith Jojee

Keywords : Biomechanical properties, Finite element analysis, Kalra Simultaneous Intrusion and Retraction loop, Omega loop, T loop, Tear drop loop, Titanium molybdenum alloy

Citation Information : Francis P, Haris TM, Margaret VA, Roshan G, Menon V, Jojee V. Evaluation of Biomechanical Properties of Four Loops at Different Activation: A Finite Element Method Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (7):778-784.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2336

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-07-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the force, moment, and moment/force ratio (M/F) generated by activating T loop, Kalra Simultaneous Intrusion and Retraction (KSIR) loop, Omega loop, and Teardrop loop made of titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA) wire with different preactivation bends at 1, 2, and 4 mm activation. Materials and methods: Finite element method (FEM) models of the four loops were created and different preactivation bends were placed. The loops were then activated and analyzed for force, moment, and M/F ratio using ANSYS software. Results: In loops without preactivation bends, highest force values were generated by Omega loop, whereas T loop had the least force value. The mean value for the M/F in the alpha segment was almost similar. In loops with preactivation bend, the force was highest in Teardrop loop, whereas T loop had the least force value. The mean value for the M/F in the alpha segment was almost similar in all the loops. Conclusion: T loop with preactivation bend shows the most favorable properties. Clinical significance: T loop is comparatively reliable for the frictionless mechanics for the space closure than the other loops evaluated in clinical use.


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