Comparison of Adhesion of a Novel Pre-sintered Cobalt-Chromium to Pre-sintered Zirconia and Cast Nickel–Chromium
Elie E Daou, Mutlu Özcan, Pascale Salameh, Nadin Al-Haj Husain
Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, Pre-sintered cobalt-chromium, Shear bond
Citation Information :
Daou EE, Özcan M, Salameh P, Husain NA. Comparison of Adhesion of a Novel Pre-sintered Cobalt-Chromium to Pre-sintered Zirconia and Cast Nickel–Chromium. J Contemp Dent Pract 2018; 19 (7):816-823.
Aim: This study compared the bond strength of pre-sintered Ceramill Sintron to pre-sintered zirconia and cast nickel–chromium (NiCr).
Materials and methods: Specimens (n = 60) (diameter: 15 mm; thickness: 2 mm) were prepared (n = 20/group) (Ceramill Sintron, Ceramill Zi, and Wirobond 99). Disks were layered with vita VM ceramic (4 mm). Specimens were randomly divided into two subgroups. Only one subgroup was thermocycled. Specimens were tested under shear strength. Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) mapping was done on one disk of each material before and after ceramic layering.
Results: Failure types were mostly mixed failures. Significant difference was found between the three materials for Y and Z failure types (p-values: 0.032 and 0.010 respectively). Thermocycling had no major effect on the results reported. Considering Fmax (force-inducing bonding failure) registered, significant difference was found between the control group and milled alloys groups. No significant difference was found between Ceramill Sintron and Zi. The EDX mapping showed a net increase in the control group oxide layer, whereas only slight increase and decrease were reported for Zi and Sintron respectively.
Conclusion: When compared with cast NiCr, novel Ceramill Sintron has higher bond strength, comparable to Ceramill Zi. Thermocycling had no major effects on the results.
Clinical significance: Ceramic–alloy bonding is a primary factor in the prosthesis’ longevity.
Lombardo GH, Nishioka RS, Souza RO, Michida SM, Kojima AN, Mesquita AM, Buso L. Influence of surface treatment on the shear bond strength of ceramics fused to cobalt– chromium. J Prosthodont 2010 Feb;19(2):103-111.
Williams TR, Johnson CE, Winchell PG, Philips RW. Be, Li and Na redistribution near a porcelain Ni alloy interface shown by ion microprobe mass analysis. J Dent Res 1978 Feb;57(2):233-236.
Benetti P, Della Bona A, Kelly JR. Evaluation of thermal compatibility between core and veneer dental ceramics using shear bond strength test and contact angle measurement. Dent Mater 2010 Aug;26(8):743-750.
Hattali M, Valette S, Ropital F, Stremsdoerfer G, Mesrati N, Tréheux D. Study of SiC-nickel alloy bonding for high temperature applications. J Eur Ceram Soc 2009;29:813-819.
Kimura H, Horng CJ, Okazaki M, Takahashi J. Thermal compatibility of titanium porcelain system. J Osaka Univ Dent Sch 1990 Dec;30:43-52.
Yilmaz H, Dincer C. Comparison of the bond compatibility of titanium and an NiCr alloy to dental porcelain. J Dent 1999 Mar;27(3):215-222.
Akagi K, Okamoto Y, Matsuura T, Horibe T. Properties of test metal ceramic titanium alloys. J Prosthet Dent 1992 Sep;68(3):462-467.
Pretti M, Hilgert E, Bottino MA, Avelar RP. Evaluation of the shear bnd strength of the union between two CoCr-alloys and a dental ceramic. J Appl Oral Sci 2004 Dec;12(4):280-284.
Lee KB, Park CW, Kim KH, Kwon TY Marginal and internal fit of all-ceramic crowns fabricated with two different CAD/ CAM systems. Dent Mater J 2008 May;27(3):422-426.
Joias RM, Tango RN, Junho de Araujo JE, Junho de Araujo MA, Ferreira Anzaloni Saavedra Gde S, Paes-Junior TJ, Kimpara ET. Shear bond strength of a ceramic to Co-Cr alloys. J Prosthet Dent 2008 Jan;99(1):54-59.
Guess PC, Kulis A, Witkowskia S, Wolkewitz M, Zhang Y, Strub JR. Shear bond strengths between different zirconia cores and veneering ceramics and their susceptibility to thermocycling. Dent Mater 2008 Nov;24(11):1556-1567.
Sailer I, Feher A, Filser F, Gauckler LJ, Luthy H, Hammerle CH. Five-year clinical results of zirconia frameworks for posterior fixed partial dentures. Int J Prosthodont 2007 Jul-Aug; 20(4):383-388.
Raigrodski AJ, Chiche GJ, Potiket N, Hochstedler JL, Mohamed SE, Billiot S, Mercante DE. The efficacy of posterior three-unit zirconium-oxide-based ceramic fixed partial dental prostheses: a prospective clinical pilot study. J Prosthet Dent 2006 Oct;96(4):237-244.
Kim KB, Kim JH, Kim WC, Kim JH. Three-dimensional evaluation of gaps associated with fixed dental prostheses fabricated with new technologies. J Prosthet Dent 2014 Dec;112(6):1432-1436.
Ruiz L, Readey MJ. Effect of heat-treatment on grain size, phase assemblage, and mechanical properties of 3 mol% Y-TZP. J Am Ceram Soc 1996 Sep;79(9):2331-2340.
Vasquez VZ, Ozcan M, Kimpara ET. Evaluation of interface characterization and adhesion of glass ceramics to commercially pure titanium and gold alloy after thermal- and mechanical-loading. Dent Mater 2009 Feb;25(2):221-231.
Lee DH, Lee BJ, Kim SH, Lee KB. Shear bond strength of porcelain to a new millable alloy and a conventional castable alloy. J Prosthet Dent 2015 Apr;113(4):329-335.
Stawarczyk B, Eichberger M, Hoffmann R, Noack F, Schweiger J, Edelhoff D, Beuer F. A novel CAD/CAM base metal compared to conventional CoCrMo alloys: an in-vitro study of the longterm metal-ceramic bond strength. Oral Health Dent Manag 2014 Jun;13(2):446-452.
Schweitzer DM, Goldstein GR, Ricci JL, Silva NR, Hittelman EL. Comparison of bond strength of a pressed ceramic fused to metal versus feldspathic porcelain fused to metal. J Prosthodont 2005 Dec;14(4):239-247.
Chevalier J, Gremillard L, Virkar AV, Clarke DR. The tetragonal- monoclinic transformation in zirconia: lessons learned and future trends. J Am Ceram Soc 2009 Sep;92(9):1901-1920.
Choi BK, Han JS, Yang JH, Lee JB, Kim SH. Shear bond strength of veneering porcelain to zirconia and metal cores. J Adv Prosthodont 2009 Nov;1(3):129-135.
Weibull W. A statistical distribution function of wide applicability. J Appl Mech 1951 Sep;18:293-297.
Fischer J, Stawarzcyk B, Trottmann A, Haemmerle CH. Impact of thermal misfit on shear strength of veneering ceramiczirconia composites. Dent Mater 2009 Apr;25(4):419-423.
Abrisham S, Fallah Tafti A, Kheirkhah S, Tavakkoli MA. Shear bond strength of porcelain to a base-metal compared to zirconia core. J Dent Biomater 2017 Mar;4(1):367-372.
Subash M, Vijitha D, Deb S, Satish A, Mahendirakumar N. Evaluation of shear bond strength between zirconia core and ceramic veneers fabricated by pressing and layering techniques: in vitro study. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2015 Aug;7(Suppl 2): S612-S615.
Farzin M, Khaledi AAR, Malekpour B, Naseri MH. Evaluation of bond strength of pressed and layered veneering ceramics to nickel-chromium alloy. J Dent Shiraz Univ Med Sci 2015 Sep;16(3 Suppl):230-236.
Oguri T, Tamaki Y, Hotta Y, Miyazaki T. Effects of a convenient silica-coating treatment on shear bond strengths of porcelain veneers on zirconia-based ceramics. Dent Mater J 2012 Sep;31(5):788-796.
Ansong R, Flinn B, Chung K-H, Mancl L, Ishibe M, Raigrodski AJ. Fracture toughness of heat-pressed and layered ceramics. J Prosthet Dent 2013 Apr;109(4):234-240.
Ishibe M, Raigrodski AJ, Flinn BD, Chung KH, Spiekerman C, Winter RR. Shear bond strengths of pressed and layered veneering ceramics to high noble alloy and zirconia cores. J Prosthet Dent 2011 Jul;106(1):29-37.
De Backer H, Van Maele G, De Moor N, Van den Berghe L. Long-term results of short-span versus longspan fixed dental prostheses: an up to 20-year retrospective study. Int J Prosthodont 2008 Jan-Feb; 21(1):75-85.
Oh J, Song KY, Ahn SG, Park JM, Lee MH, Seo JM. Effects of core characters and veneering technique on biaxial flexural strength in porcelain fused to metal and porcelain veneered zirconia. J Adv Prosthodont 2015 Oct;7(5):349-357.
Burrow MF, Thomas D, Swain MV, Tyas MJ. Analysis of tensile bond strengths using Weibull statistics. Biomaterials 2004 Sep;25(20):5031-5035.
Quinn JB, Quinn GD. A practical and systematic review ofWeibull statistics for reporting strengths of dental materials. Dent Mater 2010 Feb;26(2):135-147.
McCabe JF, Carrick TE. A statistical approach to the mechanical testing of dental materials. Dent Mater 1986 Aug;2(4):139-142.
Scherrer SS, Cesar PF, Swain MV. Direct comparison of the bond strength results of the different test methods: a critical literature review. Dent Mater 2010 Feb;26(2):e78-e93.
Della Bona A, van Noort R. Shear vs tensile bond strength of resin composite bonded to ceramic. J Dent Res 1995 Sep;74(9): 1591-1596.
Scherrer SS, Wiskott AH, Coto-Hunziker V, Belser UC. Monotonic flexure and fatigue strength of composites for provisional and definitive restorations. J Prosthet Dent 2003 Jun;89(6):579-588.
Aboushelib MN, de Jager N, Kleverlaan CJ, Feilzer AJ. Microtensile bond strength of different components of core veneered all-ceramic restorations. Dent Mater 2005 Oct;21(10):984-991.
Aboushelib MN, Kleverlaan CJ, Feilzer AJ. Effect of zirconia type on its bond strength with different veneer ceramics. J Prosthodont 2008 Jul;17(5):401-408.
Oilo G, Johansson B, Syverud M. Bond strength of porcelain to dental alloys-an evaluation of two test methods. Scand J Dent Res 1981 Jun;89(3):289-296.
Daou EE. Bonding mechanism of porcelain to frameworks: similarities and dissimilarities between metal and zirconia. Br J Med Med Res 2016 Jun;16(3):1-13.
Bagby M, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW Jr. Metal ceramic compatibility: a review of the literature. J Prosthet Dent 1990 Jan;63(1):21-25.
Fairhurst CW, Anusavice KJ, Hashinger DT, Ringle RD, Twiggs SW. Thermal expansion of dental alloys and porcelain. J Biomed Mater Res 1980 Jul;14(4):435-446.
Rosenstiel, S.; Land, M.; Fujimoto, J. Contemporary fixed prosthodontics. 5th ed. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier; 2016. p. 890.
Mackert JR Jr, Ringle RD, Parry EE, Evans AL, Fairhurst CW. The relationship between oxide adherence and porcelainmetal bonding. J Dent Res 1988 Feb;67(2):474-478.
Smith TB, Kelly JR, Tesk JA. In vitro fracture behaviour of ceramic and metal-ceramic restorations. J Prosthodont 1994 Sep;3(3):138-144.