The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 1 ( Winter Issue, 2001 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of a Chewable Sodium Bicarbonate Oral Composition of Plaque and Gingivitis

Gayle Bunger McCombs, Margaret Lappen Green, Jennifer Root Morris

Citation Information : McCombs GB, Green ML, Morris JR. Effects of a Chewable Sodium Bicarbonate Oral Composition of Plaque and Gingivitis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2001; 2 (1):40-47.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-2-1-40

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2001

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2001; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effects of an effervescent sodium bicarbonate based oral composition on plaque and gingivitis. Subjects selected for this study presented at screening with moderate plaque and American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) Type I/II periodontal status. At baseline, subjects were allocated to one of two groups by simple randomization; placebo (n=16) and active (n=16). During the study two subjects withdrew due to non-compliance and one because of a death in the family. Data were collected at baseline, day 14, and day 28. The Plaque Index (PI) of Silness and Loe was used to quantify the amount of supragingival plaque surrounding six selected teeth (3, 14, 8, 19, 24, 30), and the Gingival Index (GI) of Loe and Silness was used to assess bleeding tendencies and visual appearance on the same six teeth. A soft tissue oral assessment was completed at each visit. Subjects were asked to perform study treatment three times a day, after meals, and continue with normal oral hygiene procedures. Subjects were requested to complete a 28-day diary to assess compliance. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance. There were no statistically significant differences between the placebo and the active product groups and no statistical significant interaction between product and location within the mouth or visit for either the plaque or gingival scores. Results reveal the product was safe to oral tissues and was well accepted by subjects.


PDF Share
  1. Product evaluations: a general practitioner's perspective. J Clin Dent 1995;6:174-175.
  2. The mouthrinse wars. J Periodontol 1989;60:478-480.
  3. Current patterns of oral hygiene product use and practices. Periodontology 2000 1995;8:11-14.
  4. What is gingivitis? Current understanding of Prevention, treatment, measurement, pathogenesis and relation to periodontitis. J Intl Acad Periodontol 1998;1(1):000-000.
  5. Mouthrinses. Adv Dent Res 1994;8:291-301.
  6. Expanded and future uses of mouthrinses. J Am Dent Assoc 1994;125 Suppl 2: 29S-32S.
  7. Antimicrobial mouthrinses: overview and update. J Am Dent Assoc 1994;125 Suppl 2: 2S-10S.
  8. A comparison of intraoral antimicrobial effects of stabilized stannous fluoride dentifrice, baking soda/peroxide dentifrice, conventional NaF dentifrice and essential oil mouthrinse. J Clin Dent 1997;8:54-61.
  9. Comparative study of four over-the-counter mouthrinses claiming antiplaque and/or antigingivitis benefits. Clin Prev Dent 1991;13(6):30-33.
  10. Mouthrinses as adjuncts for plaque and gingivitis management. A status report for the American Journal of Dentistry. Am J Dent 1988;1:259-263.
  11. Efficacy of mouthrinses in inhibiting dental plaque and gingivitis in man. J Clin Periodontol 1987;14:205-212.
  12. The history of oral hygiene products: how far have we come in 6000 years? Periodontol 2000 1997;15:7-14.
  13. The use of sodium bicarbonate in oral hygiene products and practice. Compendium Contin Educ Dent (Supplement) 1997;21:S2-S7.
  14. Antibacterial activity of sodium bicarbonate. Compendium Contin Educ Dent (Supplement) 1997;21:S17-S21.
  15. Committee on Research, Science and Therapy. The American Academy of Periodontology, J Periodontol 1998;69:951-954.
  16. The Gingival Index, the Plaque Index and the Retention Index Systems. J Periodontol 1967;38:610-616.
  17. Periodontal disease in pregnancy. II. Correlation between oral hygiene and periodontal conditions. Acta Odontol Scand 1964;22(1): 121-135.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.