The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2019 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Relation between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Hepatitis B among Dental Undergraduates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Manal GY Mubaraki, Shatha AH Alamir, Mosaab MM Qohal, Omar HA Alamir, Mir FA Quadri

Keywords : Attitude, Dentist, Hepatitis B, Knowledge, Practice

Citation Information : Mubaraki MG, Alamir SA, Qohal MM, Alamir OH, Quadri MF. Relation between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Hepatitis B among Dental Undergraduates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (12):1447-1455.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2716

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: Dental healthcare professionals are at a considerable risk of infectious diseases such as hepatitis B (HB). The study aims to present the details on the current knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental students towards HB in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was designed targeting fifth academic year and 6th academic year dental students as well as dental interns. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of HB were checked using a self-reported questionnaire. Wherein, 11 questions were about knowledge, 6 about attitude, and the final 6 were on practice. Chi-square analysis was followed by Spearman\'s correlation to report on the relation between knowledge, attitude, and practice. SPSS version 24 was used for analyzing the data. Results: The response rate was 87% of which, 41% were females, and 59% were males. It was seen that 61.3% of the respondents had good knowledge, 55% indicated a positive attitude, and 77% of them demonstrated safe practices. We also observed that the students or interns with good grade point average (GPA) had the strongest correlation (r = 0.70; p < 0.001) with their knowledge on HB. Knowledge was also significantly correlated with the attitude (r = 0.373, p < 0.001 and safe practices (r = 0.11, p = 0.004) of HB among the students and the interns. Conclusion: Findings from the current research conclude that having good knowledge on HB accounts for a positive attitude and safe practices among undergraduate dental students. Clinical significance: Potential oral health practitioners at dental schools should have a thorough knowledge of infectious diseases such as HB so that they implement safe practices from an early stage. The medical and dental curriculum should be reformed to include specific learning outcomes in every clinical course on stringent and effective ways to implement infection control practices.


PDF Share
  1. Momin B, Richardson L. An analysis of content in comprehensive cancer control plans that address chronic hepatitis B and C virus infections as major risk factors for liver cancer. J Community Health 2012;37(4):912–916. DOI: 10.1007/s10900-011-9507-y.
  2. WHO. Oral health surveys: basic methods. 5th ed., Annex 8; 2018; WHO - Oral health questionnaire for children.
  3. Schillie S, Murphy TV, Sawyer M, et al. CDC guidance for evaluating health-care personnel for hepatitis B virus protection and for administering postexposure management. MMWR Recomm Rep 2013;62(RR-10):1–19.
  4. Hatzakis A, Van Damme P, Alcorn K, et al. The state of hepatitis B and C in the Mediterranean and Balkan countries: report from a summit conference. J Viral Hepat 2013;20(Suppl 2):1–20. DOI: 10.1111/jvh.12120.
  5. Lok AS, McMahon BJ. Chronic hepatitis B: update 2009. Hepatology 2009;50(3):661–662. DOI: 10.1002/hep.23190.
  6. André F. Hepatitis B epidemiology in Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Vaccine 2000;18(Suppl 1):S20–S22. DOI: 10.1016/S0264-410X(99)00456-9.
  7. Abdul Salam A, Elsegaey I, Khraif R, et al. Population distribution and household conditions in Saudi Arabia: reflections from the 2010 Census. Springerplus 2014;3:530. DOI: 10.1186/2193-1801-3-530.
  8. Al-Ajlan A. Prevalence of hepatitis B and C among students of health colleges in Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J 2011;17(10):759–762. DOI: 10.26719/2011.17.10.759.
  9. Adebamowo CA, Odukogbe AA, Ajuwon AJ. Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to hepatitis B virus infection among Nigerian obstetricians and midwives. J Obstet Gynaecol 1998;18(6):528–532. DOI: 10.1080/01443619866255.
  10. Mesfin YM, Kibret KT. Assessment of knowledge and practice towards hepatitis B among medical and health science students in Haramaya University, Ethiopia. PLoS One 2013;8(11):e79642. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079642.
  11. Kassebaum N, Arora M, Barber R, et al. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet 2016;388(10053):1603–1658. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31460-X.
  12. Khosravanifard B, Rakhshan V, Ghasemi M, et al. Tehran dentists’ self-reported knowledge and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS and observed willingness to treat simulated HIV-positive patients. East Mediterr Health J 2012;18(9):928–934. DOI: 10.26719/2012.18.9.928.
  13. Frambo AA, Atashili J, Fon PN, et al. Prevalence of HBsAg and knowledge about hepatitis B in pregnancy in the Buea Health District, Cameroon: a cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes 2014;7:394. DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-394.
  14. Al-Hazmi AH. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of dentists concerning the occupational risks of hepatitis B virus in Al Jouf Province, Saudi Arabia. Niger J Clin Pract 2015;18(2):276–281. DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.151067.
  15. Bland JA, Altman DG. Cronbach's alpha. BMJ 1997;314(7080):572. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.314.7080.572.
  16. Ahmad A, Munn Sann L, Abdul Rahman H. Factors associated with knowledge, attitude and practice related to hepatitis B and C among international students of Universiti Putra Malaysia. BMC Public Health 2016;16:611. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3188-5.
  17. Alhowaish MA, Alhowaish JA, Alanazi YH, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices toward prevention of hepatitis B virus infection among medical students at Northern Border University, Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electron Physician 2017;9(9):5388–5394. DOI: 10.19082/5388.
  18. Quadri FA, Hendriyani H, Pramono A, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of sweet food and beverage consumption and its association with dental caries among schoolchildren in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J 2015;21(6):403–411. DOI: 10.26719/2015.21.6.403.
  19. Khan N, Ahmed SM, Khalid MM, et al. Effect of gender and age on the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding hepatitis B and C and vaccination status of hepatitis B among medical students of Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 2010;60(6): 450–455.
  20. Cheung J, Lee TK, Teh CZ, et al. Cross-sectional study of hepatitis B awareness among Chinese and Southeast Asian Canadians in the Vancouver-Richmond community. Can J Gastroenterol 2005;19(4):245–249. DOI: 10.1155/2005/583406.
  21. Lee HO, Lee OJ, Kim S, et al. Differences in knowledge of hepatitis B among korean immigrants in two cities in the rocky mountain region. Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) 2007;1(3):165–175. DOI: 10.1016/S1976-1317(08)60019-5.
  22. Quadri MFA, Shubayr MA, Hattan AH, et al. Oral hygiene practices among Saudi Arabian children and its relation to their dental caries status. Int J Dent 2018;2018:3234970. DOI: 10.1155/2018/3234970.
  23. ul Haq N, Hassali MA, Shafie AA, et al. A cross sectional assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice towards hepatitis B among healthy population of Quetta, Pakistan. BMC Public Health 2012;12:692. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-692.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.