The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2019 ) > List of Articles


Assessment of Knowledge about Dental Ergonomics among Dental Students of King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Naif A Almosa, Hamayun Zafar

Keywords : Dental students, Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal disorders, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Citation Information : Almosa NA, Zafar H. Assessment of Knowledge about Dental Ergonomics among Dental Students of King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (3):324-329.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2517

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Aim: To assess the knowledge about dental ergonomics and work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) among dental students of King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, undergoing practical clinical training. Materials and methods: A self-designed questionnaire after pre-testing was distributed to 150 dental students of KSU undergoing clinical training, to collect data related to (a) basic knowledge about dental ergonomics; (b) any course/workshop about dental ergonomics attended; (c) basic knowledge about WRMSDs; (d) familiarity about preventive measures to decrease the risk of WRMSDs; and (e) knowledge about treatment options for WRMSDs. Results: One hundred forty-two students (95%) returned the completed questionnaires, of them 54 (38%) were males and 88 (62%) were females. The main findings of the study are that only 30% of the students knew about dental ergonomics; 93% of students have not attended any course/workshop about dental ergonomics; about half the students knew about WRMSDs; 62% of the students did not know about preventive measures to decrease the risk of WRMSDs, and 80% of students did not have knowledge about treatment options for WRMSDs. In general, female students had a better understanding of dental ergonomics and WRMSDs than male students. Conclusion: The basic knowledge of the dental ergonomics among dental students at King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is not adequate. Clinical significance: There is a need for introducing dedicated theoretical and practical courses covering all aspects of dental ergonomics in the undergraduate curriculum of dental education.

PDF Share
  1. Garbin AÍ, Garbin CAS, Diniz D, et al. Dental students’ knowledge of ergonomic postural requirements and their application during clinical care. Eur J Dent Educ 2011;15(1):31-35.
  2. Yamalik N. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and dental practice Part 2. Risk factors for dentistry, magnitude of the problem, prevention, and dental ergonomics. Int Dent J 2007;57(1):45-54.
  3. Finsen L, Christensen H, Bakke M. Musculoskeletal disorders among dentists and variation in dental work. Appl Ergon 1998;29(2):119-125.
  4. De Sio S, Traversini V, Rinaldo F, et al. Ergonomic risk and preventive measures of musculoskeletal disorders in the dentistry environment: an umbrella review. Peer J 2018;6: e4154.
  5. Alghadir A, Zafar H, Iqbal ZA. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals in Saudi Arabia. J Phy Ther Sci 2015;27(4):1107-1112.
  6. Milerad E, Ericson MO, Nisell R, et al. An electromyographic study of dental work. Ergonomics. 1991;34(7):953-962.
  7. Åkesson I, Hansson G-Å, Balogh I, et al. Quantifying work load in neck, shoulders and wrists in female dentists. Int Arch of Occup Env Health 1997;69(6):461-474.
  8. Burke F, Main J, Freeman R. The practice of dentistry: an assessment of reasons for premature retirement. British Den J 1997;182(7):250.
  9. Valachi B, Valachi K. Preventing musculoskeletal disorders in clinical dentistry: strategies to address the mechanisms leading to musculoskeletal disorders. J Am Dent Asso 2003; 134(12):1604-1612.
  10. Bozkurt S, Demirsoy N, Günendi Z. Risk factors associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders in dentistry. Clin Invest Med 2016;39(6):192-196.
  11. Cervera–Espert J, Pascual–Moscardó A, Camps–Alemany I. Wrong postural hygiene and ergonomics in dental students of the University of Valencia (Spain)(part I). Euro J Dent Edu 2018;22(1):e48-e56.
  12. Movahhed T, Dehghani M, Arghami S, et al. Do dental students have a neutral working posture? J Back Musculoskel Rehabil 2016;29(4):859-864.
  13. Kanaparthy A, Kanaparthy R, Boreak N. Postural awareness among dental students in Jizan, Saudi Arabia. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2015;5(Suppl 2):S107.
  14. Alyahya F, Algarzaie K, Alsubeh Y, et al. Awareness of ergonomics & work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals and students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Phy Therapy Sci 2018;30(6):770-776.
  15. El-sallamy RM, Atlam SA, Kabbash I, et al. Knowledge, at t itude, and pract ice towards ergonomics among undergraduates of Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Egypt. Environ Sci Pollut Res 2018;25(31):30793-801.
  16. Madaan V, Chaudhari A. Prevalence and risk factor associated with musculoskeletal pain among students of MGM Dental College: a cross-sectional survey. J Contemp Dent 2012;2(2):22-27.
  17. Kritika V, Laveena P, Kritika R, et al. Knowledge, attitude and behavior towards “ERGONOMICS” among oral health professionals in jodhpur city, Rajasthan, India. IJ Pre Clin Dent Res. 2014;1(3):5-9.
  18. Chowanadisai S, Kukiattrakoon B, Yapong B, et al. Occupational health problems of dentists in southern Thailand. Int Dent J 2000;50(1):36-40.
  19. Al-Mohrej OA, AlShaalan NS, Al-Bani WM, et al. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain of the neck, upper extremities and lower back among dental practitioners working in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. BMJ open 2016;6(6):e011100.
  20. Kalghatgi S, Prasad KVV, Chhabra KG, et al. Insights into Ergonomics Among Dental Professionals of a Dental Institute and Private Practitioners in Hubli–Dharwad Twin Cities, India. Safety and health at work 2014;5(4):181-185.
  21. Graham C. Ergonomics in dentistry, Part 1. Dentistry today 2002;21(4):98.
  22. Association AD. An Introduction to Ergonomics: Risk Factors, MSDs, Approaches and Interventions. A Report of the Ergonomics and Disability Support Advisory Committee. Council on Dental Practice 2004. 2006.
  23. Khan SA, Chew KY. Effect of working characteristics and taught ergonomics on the prevalence of Musculoskelet Disord amongst dental students. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2013;14(1):118.
  24. Yousef MK, Al-Zain AO. Posture evaluation of dental students. JKAU Med Sci 2009;16(2):51-68.
  25. Alghadir A, Zafar H, Iqbal ZA. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals in Saudi Arabia. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015;27(4):1107-12. Epub 2015/05/23.
  26. Pargali N, Jowkar N. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among dentists in Shiraz, Southern Iran. Int J Occup Environ Med 2010;1(2 April).
  27. Hayes M, Cockrell D, Smith D. A systematic review of musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals. Int J Dent Hyg 2009;7(3):159-165.
  28. Gupta A, Ankola AV, Hebbal M. Dental ergonomics to combat musculoskeletal disorders: a review. Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2013;19(4):561-571.
  29. Diaz-Caballero A-J, Gómez-Palencia I-P, Díaz-Cárdenas S. Ergonomic factors that cause the presence of pain muscle in students of dentistry. Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal 2010;15(6):e906.
  30. Lindfors P, Von Thiele U, Lundberg U. Work characteristics and upper extremity disorders in female dental health workers. J Occup Health 2006;48(3):192-197.
  31. Droeze EH, Jonsson H. Evaluation of ergonomic interventions to reduce musculoskeletal disorders of dentists in the Netherlands. Work 2005;25(3):211-220.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.