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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2019 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

How do GTR and GBR Differ? A Periodontitis Case Treated Using an Equine-derived, Enzyme-deantigenic, Collagenpreserving Bone Graft, and Collagen Membranes

Riccardo Tizzoni, Marta Tizzoni

Keywords : Bone regeneration, Case report, Guided tissue regeneration, Periodontal diseases

Citation Information : Tizzoni R, Tizzoni M. How do GTR and GBR Differ? A Periodontitis Case Treated Using an Equine-derived, Enzyme-deantigenic, Collagenpreserving Bone Graft, and Collagen Membranes. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (5):639-644.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2571

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-05-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: The present case illustrates how a tooth, which had a highly questionable prognosis, was preserved by carrying out a periodontal regeneration surgery. Background: Treatment of periodontitis involves a careful consideration of all the factors that may allow the achievement of a favorable outcome; among those, the skillful use of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membranes is of paramount importance. Case description: A 39-year-old patient presented with a mobile central upper incisor due to severe periodontitis and was treated according to GTR principles using a collagen membrane. A collagen-preserving bone graft was also used, as a scaffold for clot formation and cellular infiltration, which was covered with a second collagen membrane. The patient was contacted for follow-up assessment at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after surgery. Follow-up radiographs showed that bone regeneration occurred around the involved tooth and very little tooth mobility was observed. The patient\'s masticatory function, appearance, and comfort were favorable. Conclusion: The use of two equine collagen membranes with the purpose of creating the best conditions to carry out periodontal regeneration according to GTR principles, in association with an equine, collagen-preserving, enzyme-deantigenic bone graft, allowed sufficient bone regeneration to salvage a tooth that was deemed otherwise lost because of periodontitis. Clinical significance: In cases of teeth that are severely compromised by periodontitis, the use of collagen membranes according to GTR principles can allow the regeneration of the periodontal tissues; the association with a bone substitute having well-known performance rates, covered with a collagen membrane (guided bone regeneration, GBR) can, in some cases, improve bone regeneration at the defect site.


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