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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 6 ( June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Oral Epidemiological Profile and Risk Factors in Adolescents with Different Degrees of Down Syndrome in a Vulnerable Peruvian Rural Population

Cinthya Tipe, Ada Robles, Eloy Gamboa, Frank Mayta-Tovalino

Keywords : Caries, Down syndrome, Oral hygiene index, Periodontal disease

Citation Information : Tipe C, Robles A, Gamboa E, Mayta-Tovalino F. Oral Epidemiological Profile and Risk Factors in Adolescents with Different Degrees of Down Syndrome in a Vulnerable Peruvian Rural Population. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (6):670-674.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2577

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the epidemiological profile of 12- to 16-year-old adolescents with Down syndrome in the Special Basic Education Center in Lima—Peru. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed, where the epidemiological profile was determined through the DMF-T index, oral hygiene index (OHI), and the gingival index from Silness and Löe. A sample of 107 adolescents with Down syndrome in a Peruvian rural population were considered who were evaluated with the formula of proportion estimation, of which 48 (44.8%) were females and 55 (59%) males. Results: Patients with mild to moderate Down syndrome were with a caries prevalence of 42 and 27.1%, respectively. Likewise, class III malocclusion was present in 42.9 and 25.2%. The most prevalent OHI was the regular category with 66.2%. Results: Patients with mild to moderate Down syndrome were with a caries prevalence of 42 and 27.1%, respectively. Likewise, class III malocclusion was present in 42.9 and 25.2%. The most prevalent OHI was the regular category with 66.2%. Conclusion: It was evident in mild Down syndrome adolescents, a higher prevalence of the indexes: dental caries, malocclusion, periodontal disease, and oral hygiene, moderate to severe.


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