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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 6 ( June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Assessment of the Efficacy of Periodontal Tissue Regeneration using Non-resorbable and Bioabsorbable GTR Membrane—A Clinical Comparative Study

Mohammad Jalaluddin, Rajanna KV Patel, Sultan A Almalki, Rincy Roshan, Roshan R Varkey

Keywords : Bioabsorbable membrane, Grade II furcation defects, Guided tissue regeneration, Non-resorbable membranes

Citation Information : Jalaluddin M, Patel RK, Almalki SA, Roshan R, Varkey RR. Assessment of the Efficacy of Periodontal Tissue Regeneration using Non-resorbable and Bioabsorbable GTR Membrane—A Clinical Comparative Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (6):675-679.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2578

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: The present study aims to assess the efficacy of non-resorbable and bioabsorbable guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane periodontal tissue regenerative methods. Materials and methods: Thirty teeth taken from 20 patients (8 males and 12 females) within the age range of 20–55 years having chronic periodontitis were enrolled in this trial. All the enrolled patients underwent phase I therapy which included scaling and root planing performed in two sittings by a single practitioner. Patients who fulfilled the selection criteria entered the study and were randomly allocated to the three groups. Group I: control group, group II: patients who received a non-resorbable GTR membrane, and group III: patients who received a bioabsorbable GTR membrane. The clinical parameters that were documented at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively were the gingival index, plaque index, and probing depth (vertical and horizontal) for all the three groups. Results: The mean gingival index score was 1.64 ± 0.32 in group III at baseline, which decreased to 1.20 ± 0.10 at 6 months postoperatively. The plaque index reduced from 1.36 ± 0.46 at baseline to 1.04 ± 0.01 at 6 months postoperatively. The vertical and horizontal probing depths demonstrated a statistically significant difference between all the three groups. Conclusion: The present study established that both membranes resulted in clinically and statistically significant improvements in the treatment of grade II furcation defects.


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