The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2019 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis among Dental Students: A Cross Sectional Study

Khalid Al-Johani

Keywords : Aphthous ulcers, Dental students, Recurrent aphthous stomatitis, Stress

Citation Information : Al-Johani K. Prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis among Dental Students: A Cross Sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (8):893-895.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2630

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-08-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: This study aims to determine the prevalence of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) among dental students. Materials and methods: Dental students were asked to complete a questionnaire to investigate different aspects of RAS including prevalence, frequency of recurrence, and management modalities. Results: Of the 382 study participants (230 women, 152 men; 21–28 years old), 83 had a history of RAS (45 women, 38 men). A positive family history of RAS was more common in participants with RAS (48.2%) than in those without RAS (9.0%). Stress was reported as the most common trigger for an attack (53%), and the most commonly affected sites were the labial and the buccal mucosa. Reported treatment modalities included topical anesthetic, honey, and/or warm salt water rinsing; however, most participants reported no benefit from treatment apart from a temporary relief. Conclusion: RAS is common among dental students in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Despite ongoing research, the etiology of RAS is still unknown, and only symptomatic treatment is available. Clinical significance: RAS is a common painful oral ulcerative condition affecting young adults. RAS interferes with eating and speaking, affecting the quality of life.


PDF Share
  1. Davatchi F, Tehrani-Banihashemi A, et al. The prevalence of oral aphthosis in a normal population in Iran: a WHO-ILAR COPCORD study. Arch Iran Med 2008 Mar;11(2):207–209.
  2. Oh SH, Han EC, et al. Comparison of the clinical features of recurrent aphthous stomatitis and Behçet's disease. Clin Exp Dermatol 2009;34(6):e208–e212. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2230.2009.03384.x.
  3. Chattopadhyay A, Chatterjee S. Risk indicators for recurrent aphthous ulcers among adults in the US. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2007;35:152–159. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2007.00329.x.
  4. McCullough MJ, Abdel-Hafeth S, et al. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis revisited; clinical features, associations, and new association with infant feeding practices? J Oral Pathol Med 2007;36:615–620. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0714.2007.00589.x.
  5. Pentenero M, Broccoletti R, et al. The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in adults from the Turin area. Oral Dis 2008;14:356–366. DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2007.01391.x.
  6. Rogers 3rd RS. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis: clinical characteristics and associated systemic disorders. Semin Cutan Med Surg 1997;16:278–283. DOI: 10.1016/S1085-5629(97)80017-X.
  7. Jurge S, Kuffer R, et al. Mucosal disease series. Number VI. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Oral Dis 2006;12:1–21. DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2005.01143.x.
  8. Scully C, Porter S. Oral mucosal disease: recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008;46:198–206. DOI: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2007.07.201.
  9. Viguier M, Fouere S, et al. Herpetiform ulceration: 5 cases. Ann Dermatol Venereol 2000;127:707–710.
  10. Koybasi S, Parlak AH, et al. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis: investigation of possible etiologic factors. Am J Otolaryngol 2006;27:229–232. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2005.09.022.
  11. Porter SR, Scully C, et al. Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 1998;9:306–321. DOI: 10.1177/10454411980090030401.
  12. Maheswaran T, Yamunadevi A, et al. Prevalence and family history of recurrent aphthous stomatitis among the students of a dental institution in south India. J Indian Acad Dent Spec Res 2014;1:53–55. DOI: 10.4103/2229-3019.148250.
  13. Porter SR, Hegarty A, et al. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Clin Dermatol 2000;18:569–578. DOI: 10.1016/S0738-081X(00)00147-4.
  14. Scully C, Gorsky M, et al. The diagnosis and management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis: a consensus approach. J Am Dent Assoc 2003;134:200–207. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2003.0134.
  15. Donatsky O. Epidemiologic study on recurrent aphthous ulcerations among 512 Danish dental students. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1973;1:37–40. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1973.tb01060.x.
  16. Byahatti SM. Incidence of Recurrent Apthous ulcers in a group of student population in Libya: A Questionnaire Study. Arch Cran Oro Fac Sc 2013;1:26–30.
  17. Natah SS, Konttinen YT, et al. Recurrent aphthous ulcers today: a review of the growing knowledge. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2004;33:221–234. DOI: 10.1006/ijom.2002.0446.
  18. Sharma M, Gupta R, et al. Correlation of psychological stress with recurrent aphthous stomatitis among dental students in an educational institution. Int J Appl Dent Sci 2017;3(4):455–458.
  19. Schneider LC, Schneider AE. Diagnosis of oral ulcers. Mt Sinai J Med 1998;65(5–6):383–387.
  20. Wolfgang AP. The health professions stress inventory. Psychol Rep 1988;62:220–222. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1988.62.1.220.
  21. Tangade PS, Mathur A, et al. Assessment of stress level among dental school students: An indian outlook. Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2011;8(2):95–101.
  22. Gurleyen EK, Ogut-Erisen M, et al. Quality of life in patients with recurrent aphtous stomatitis treated with a mucoadhesive patch containing citrus essential oil. Patient Prefer Adherence 2016;27: 967–973. DOI: 10.2147/PPA.S106530.
  23. Heath JR, Macfarlane TV, et al. Perceived sources of stress in dentalstudents. Dent Update 1999 Apr;26(3):94–98, 100. DOI: 10.12968/denu.1999.26.3.94.
  24. Maheswaran T, Yamunadevi A, et al. Prevalence and family history of recurrent aphthous stomatitis among the students of a dental institution in south India. J Indian Acad Dent Spec Res 2014;1:53–55.
  25. Safadi RA. Prevalence of recurrent aphthous ulceration in Jordanian dental patients. BMC Oral Health 2009;9:31. DOI: 10.1186/1472- 6831-9-31.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.