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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2019 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Salivary Gland Stem Cells and Tissue Regeneration: An Update on Possible Therapeutic Application

Aikaterini Mitroulia, Marianna Gavriiloglou, Poluxeni Athanasiadou, Athina Bakopoulou, Athanasios Poulopoulos, Dimitrios Andreadis

Keywords : Salivary gland stem cells, Stem cell therapy, Tissue regeneration

Citation Information : Mitroulia A, Gavriiloglou M, Athanasiadou P, Bakopoulou A, Poulopoulos A, Andreadis D. Salivary Gland Stem Cells and Tissue Regeneration: An Update on Possible Therapeutic Application. J Contemp Dent Pract 2019; 20 (8):978-986.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2620

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-08-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The aim of this review is to combine literature and experimental data concerning the impact of salivary gland (SG) stem cells (SCs) and their therapeutic prospects in tissue regeneration. So far, SCs were isolated from human and rodent major and minor SGs that enabled their regeneration. Several scaffolds were also combined with “SCs” and different “proteins” to achieve guided differentiation, although none have been proven as ideal. A new aspect of SC therapy aims to establish a vice versa relationship between SG and other ecto- or endodermal organs such as the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and thyroid. SC therapy could be a cheap and simple, non-traumatic, and individualized therapy for medically challenging cases like xerostomia and major organ failures. Functional improvement has been achieved in these organs, but till date, the whole organ in vivo regeneration was not achieved. Concerns about malignant formations and possible failures are yet to be resolved. In this review article, we highlight the basic embryology of SGs, existence of SG SCs with a detailed exploration of various cellular markers, scaffolds for tissue engineering, and, in the later part, cover potential therapeutic applications with a special focus on the pancreas and liver.


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