Changes in Mandibular Third Molar Angulation in High-anchorage Extraction vs Non-extraction Orthodontic Treatment: A Prospective Study
Swati Singh, Arun K Garg, Deepak K Gupta, Litesh Singla
Angulation, Extraction, High anchorage, Mandibular third molar, Prospective cohort study
Citation Information :
Singh S, Garg AK, Gupta DK, Singla L. Changes in Mandibular Third Molar Angulation in High-anchorage Extraction vs Non-extraction Orthodontic Treatment: A Prospective Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (10):1182-1188.
Aim and objective: The study aimed to compare the prospective changes in mandibular third molar angulation in high anchorage cases treated with first premolar extractions vs non-extraction orthodontic treatment. Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 56 nongrowing patients: Group I had 26 patients with a high anchorage requirement who underwent first premolar extractions and group II had 30 patients who underwent non-extraction treatment. Pretreatment, mid-treatment, and posttreatment panoramic radiographs were obtained for group I and pretreatment and posttreatment for group II. Angle between M2 (second molar)-horizontal reference plane (HRP), M3 (third molar)-HRP, and M2-M3 were measured bilaterally. Data were analyzed using Student t test and ANOVA test (p value < 0.05). Results: Statistically significant increase was found between the pretreatment, mid-treatment, and posttreatment values of M2-M3 in group I (p value = 0.02 R and p value = 0.049 L) and between pretreatment to posttreatment values of M2-HRP in group II bilaterally (p value = 0.001). Significant increase was found in the M2-M3 angulations in group II on the right side (p value = 0.036). M3-HRP decreased in group I without reaching statistical significance. No statistically significant intergroup differences were found between the two groups in relation to M2-HRP, M3-HRP, and M2-M3 angulations. Conclusion: M2-M3 angulations increased significantly bilaterally in group I and on the right side in group II, indicating worsening of third molar angulation. M3-HRP worsened in group I without reaching statistical significance. Extraction therapy in high anchorage cases does not lead to an improvement in third molar angulation. Clinical significance: The extraction of first premolars in high anchorage cases does not lead to an improvement in the angulation of mandibular third molars; moreover, the angulation worsened with extraction therapy. Prospective orthodontic patients need to be cautioned against any improvement in mesioangular impaction of mandibular third molars in high anchorage premolar extraction cases.
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