Aim and objective: The aim of this study was to determine the stability of immediate-loaded single implants with periotest.
Materials and methods: In this in vivo study, dental implants with a length ranging from 10 to 13 mm and diameter of 3.0–4.2 mm were utilized. Stability of dental implant was evaluated using the Periotest® M handheld device before loading, at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year.
Results: Implants 11.5 mm in length had the highest mean periotest value (0) after placement, whereas 10 mm-long implant had a value of −0.31 and 13 mm had a value of −0.48. After 1 month, 10 mm had a value of 1.23, 11.5 mm had a value of −0.32, and 13.0 mm had a value of −0.24. After 6 months, 10 mm had a value of 1.78, 11.5 mm had a value of −0.4, and 13.0 mm had a value of −0.41. After 1 year, 10 mm had a value of −0.54, 11.5 mm had a value of −0.51, and 13.0 mm had a value of −0.48. There was an unconstructive relationship between implant length and the average periotest score. There was also an unconstructive association between the implant diameter and the mean periotest value.
Conclusion: The implant with long and greatest diameter had higher stability. Periotest can be used to determine dental implant stability.
Clinical significance: Periotest is useful in determining dental implant stability. Large-scale studies may be helpful in obtaining useful results.
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