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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2020 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Shaping Ability of Reciproc R25 File and Mtwo System Used in Continuous and Reciprocating Motion

Vincenzo Campanella, Leonardo Gianni, Antonio Libonati, Gianni Gallusi

Keywords : Centering ability, Mtwo, NiTi, Reciproc, Reciprocating motion, Root canal preparation

Citation Information : Campanella V, Gianni L, Libonati A, Gallusi G. Shaping Ability of Reciproc R25 File and Mtwo System Used in Continuous and Reciprocating Motion. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (2):171-177.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2760

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-02-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: Nickel–titanium (NiTi) instruments were designed to be used in continuous rotation mode with controlled speed and torque and a sequence of different sizes. The reciprocating motion was purposed to improve cyclic fatigue of rotary instruments if compared to the conventional rotation. The purpose of this work was to compare the shaping ability of Reciproc R25, Mtwo #25/0.06 used as a single file, and Mtwo sequence used in reciprocating motion and in continuous rotation. Materials and methods: Forty-eight endodontic training resin blocks ISO 15, 2% taper, 7 mm radius, and a 60° angle of curvature were shaped with four different protocols. Group I (Rrsf) was shaped with Reciproc R25 used as a single file in a reciprocating motion. Group II (Mrsf) was shaped with Mtwo #25/0.06 used as a single file in a reciprocating motion. Group III (MSrec) was shaped with Mtwo sequence in reciprocating motion, and finally, group IV (MSrot) was shaped with the Mtwo sequence used in continuous rotation. Preoperative and postoperative images of the simulated canals were taken under standardized conditions and combined exactly. The amount of resin removed was determined at both the inner and outer sides of the canal curvature. The ability of the instruments to remain centered in the canal was determined by calculating a centering ratio. These data were analyzed statistically using two factors analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Bonferroni correction (Bonferroni post-hoc test). Results: Group Rrsf produced a greater enlargement of the canal, especially on the outer side, in the apical and middle third (p < 0.05). Group MSrot produced a lower enlargement in the middle third (p < 0.05). Group Rrsf displayed a lower centering ratio in the apical third (p < 0.05). Group MSrot displayed a lower centering ratio in the coronal third (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The shaping of simulated canals using a sequence of instruments in continuous rotation resulted in a more centered preparation of the apical third. The reciprocating motion for all tested instruments produced a bigger enlargement of the canals. Clinical significance: Reciprocating movement results in a more pronounced canal enlargement but appears to be less respectful of the original canal curvature and produces more apical transportation than a sequence of rotary NiTi files with the same ending apical size.


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