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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2020 ) > List of Articles


Chemical Structure and Physical Properties of Heat-cured Poly(methyl methacrylate) Resin Processed with Cycloaliphatic Comonomer: An In Vitro Study

Ranganthan Ajay, Karthigeyan Suma, Ramajayam Sasikala, Sekaran Sajidabegum, Veerakumar Vignesh, Dharanividhya Bhuvaneshkumar

Keywords : Comonomer, Copolymer, Degree of conversion, Glass transition temperature, Tricyclodecane dimethanol diacrylate

Citation Information : Ajay R, Suma K, Sasikala R, Sajidabegum S, Vignesh V, Bhuvaneshkumar D. Chemical Structure and Physical Properties of Heat-cured Poly(methyl methacrylate) Resin Processed with Cycloaliphatic Comonomer: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (3):285-290.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2769

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 23-07-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Aim: The purpose of this in vitro research is to chemically characterize polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) processed with 10% and 20% (v/v) tricyclodecane dimethanol diacrylate (TCDDMDA) comonomer. It also aimed to assess the degree of conversion (DC) and glass transition temperature (Tg) of the formed copolymers. Materials and methods: The experimental groups were processed with the TCDDMDA comonomer (10% and 20% v/v), whereas the control group was processed only with the methyl methacrylate monomer. The copolymerization was studied by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The surface characteristics and composition (wt%) were studied by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy (cuboidal specimen; 5 mm × 5 mm × 3 mm), respectively. The DC and Tg of the formed copolymers (powdered form) were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry, respectively. One-way analysis of variance with post hoc Bonferroni test was used to compare the mean values of DC% and Tg among the groups. Results: The newly formed copolymer [P(MMA-co-TCDDMDA)] was chemically characterized by NMR and FESEM-EDX. The DC and Tg of the experimental groups were higher than the control. Tricyclodecane dimethanol diacrylate at 20% (v/v) concentration showed the highest DC and Tg. Conclusion: The addition of TCDDMDA comonomer improved the DC and Tg of the formed copolymer. Clinical significance: The P(MMA-co-TCDDMDA) copolymer is expected to improve the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of the denture base acrylic resin. This would result in improved denture quality and durability, thereby, imparting a better quality of life to the geriatric population.

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