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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2020 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Is α-Tocopherol or Sodium Ascorbate Effective as Antioxidant on Fracture Resistance of Bleached Teeth?

Thaís P Leandrin, Cristiane M Alencar, Keli R Victorino, Andrea AR Dantas, Reinaldo O Lima, Júlia C Martins, Joissi F Zaniboni, Edson A de Campos, Milton Carlos Kuga

Keywords : α-Tocopherol, Antioxidants, Hydrogen peroxide, Sodium ascorbate, Tooth bleaching

Citation Information : Leandrin TP, Alencar CM, Victorino KR, Dantas AA, Lima RO, Martins JC, Zaniboni JF, de Campos EA, Kuga MC. Is α-Tocopherol or Sodium Ascorbate Effective as Antioxidant on Fracture Resistance of Bleached Teeth?. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (5):481-485.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2831

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-05-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the effect of two antioxidant formulations (sodium ascorbate and α-tocopherol) on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth. Materials and methods: Sixty human premolars were endodontically treated and divided into six groups (n = 10): G1 (negative control)—unbleached and restored with composite resin; G2 (positive control)—bleached in three sessions, using hydrogen peroxide (15 H2O2) plus titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles, photoactivated by LED laser system and restored with composite resin; G3—bleaching similar to G2, after the use of 10% sodium ascorbate gel for 24 hours and restored with composite resin; G4—similar to G3, but with the use of 10% sodium ascorbate solution and restored with composite resin; G5 and G6—similar to G3, but with the use of 10% α-tocopherol in alcohol or carbopol, respectively, and was also restored. A mechanical fracture resistance test was performed and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to evaluate the results (α = 0.05). Results: No statistical difference was observed in fracture resistance between groups (p > 0.05). Regarding the antioxidant and pharmaceutical formulation applied, no statistical difference was detected in any comparison (p > 0.05). The frequency of fractures considered favorable was higher in G1 and G3 compared to the other groups. Conclusion: The endodontically treated teeth bleached with 15 H2O2 plus TiO2 nanoparticles and photoactivated with the LED laser did not decrease the fracture resistance and the use of sodium ascorbate or α-tocopherol did not increase the crown fracture resistance. Clinical significance: The literature reports a significant reduction in the bond strength of restorations on the bleached dentin. Therefore, the use of antioxidant agents may have a promising effect on fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth.


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