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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2020 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Oral Disease Risk Assessment in Conjunction with Comprehensive Periodontal Care: A Case Report

Keywords : Caries risk, Cariogram, Case report, Periodontal risk assessment

Citation Information : Oral Disease Risk Assessment in Conjunction with Comprehensive Periodontal Care: A Case Report. J Contemp Dent Pract 2020; 21 (5):580-584.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2843

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-05-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: To illustrate the treatment of a complex periodontal disease patient utilizing oral disease risk assessment. Background: Periodontal disease is multifactorial in nature and requires addressing multiple factors in order to manage it successfully. Maintenance care is crucial for a favorable outcome, and risk assessment may help formulate the most suitable treatment plan and maintenance program. Case description: A 37-year-old man presented at the clinic for comprehensive periodontal treatment prior to replacing his missing teeth. He was healthy but smoked 5–10 cigarettes per day. Based on the clinical and radiographic examinations, the patient had generalized advanced periodontitis with multiple caries lesions, defective fillings, and missing teeth. A comprehensive treatment plan was put for the patient and a detailed assessment of his periodontal disease and caries risk was performed. The patient was assigned as being of high risk for periodontal disease progression and of low-medium caries risk. Three months following execution of the proposed nonsurgical and surgical treatment procedures, the patient demonstrated notable improvement compared to the baseline and was put under a strict maintenance program every 3 months. Conclusion: The presented case illustrates how oral disease risk assessment measures may be incorporated within comprehensive management of a periodontitis patient. Recommending this approach remains a personal preference and is yet to be substantiated by evidence. Clinical significance: Incorporating risk assessment measures in daily clinical practice may prevent the onset and/or progression of future disease, reducing unnecessary effort and expenses, and should be evaluated by concerned policymakers.


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