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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Assessment of Insertion Torque of Mini-implant and Its Correlation with Primary Stability and Pain Levels in Orthodontic Patients

Swapna Sreenivasagan, Aravind Kumar Subramanian, Nivethigaa B

Keywords : Anchorage, Insertion torque, Mini-implants, Primary stability, Visual analog scale score

Citation Information : Sreenivasagan S, Subramanian AK, B N. Assessment of Insertion Torque of Mini-implant and Its Correlation with Primary Stability and Pain Levels in Orthodontic Patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (1):84-88.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-2969

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 19-04-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the insertion torque of the mini-implant used in orthodontic patients and to assess the correlation between the insertion torque, primary stability, and perception of pain in patients undergoing orthodontic therapy with mini-implant-augmented anchorage. Material and methods: Among the patients undergoing orthodontic therapy, 31 samples who required mini-implant for anchorage purpose were selected. A total of 59 mini-implants were placed in these patients. This included interradicular mini-implants and extra-alveolar mini-screws. Immediately after placement, the insertion torque in all these was measured using a digital torque meter and primary stability was assessed by identifying any mobility of the implant placed. Primary stability was noted at two time intervals immediate post-placement and 1 week after that. All the mini-implants that were considered in this study were immediately loaded. Patients were asked to record any pain experienced on the visual analog scale (VAS) score sheet at 24 hours and 1 week post-placement. Results: Among the mini-implants placed, those with 2 mm diameter needed higher placement torque, i.e., infrazygomatic crest mini-implants and buccal shelf mini-implants were placed with average placement torque of 10.08 and 10.25 N cm, respectively. Extra-alveolar screws caused more pain, especially higher in the mandible than the maxilla. Decrease in pain scores was noted from T0 to T1 in almost all the cases. Conclusion: Thicker mini-implant needed more insertion torque and highest insertion torque was recorded with extra-alveolar screws. No direct correlation could be obtained with the pain levels experienced by the patients and with the primary stability of the mini-implants. Clinical significance: Mini-implants placed with an insertion torque above the recommended range tend to fail and break more often. Patients placed with extra-alveolar bone screws reported more pain than that of the smaller-dimension mini-implant.

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