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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2021 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Evaluation of Systemic Markers Related to Anemia in Aggressive Periodontitis Patients before and after Phase I Periodontal Therapy: An Interventional Study

Shobana Panneerselvam, Ramakrishnan Theyagarajan, Vidya Sekhar, Ebenezer Mani, Indhu Krishnamurthi, Parthiban Saketharaman

Keywords : Aggressive periodontitis, Anemia of chronic disease, Nonsurgical periodontal therapy

Citation Information : Panneerselvam S, Theyagarajan R, Sekhar V, Mani E, Krishnamurthi I, Saketharaman P. Evaluation of Systemic Markers Related to Anemia in Aggressive Periodontitis Patients before and after Phase I Periodontal Therapy: An Interventional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (12):1413-1416.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3197

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 10-05-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The main aim of the study was to evaluate the systemic markers related to anemia in generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) patients before and after phase I therapy. Materials and methods: Based on the inclusion criteria, 15 patients with GAgP were allocated to two groups, group A (before phase I periodontal therapy) and group B (after phase I periodontal therapy). After 3 months, clinical parameters and hematological parameters were reevaluated. Results: The hematological parameters like hemoglobin (Hb) and red blood cell (RBC) counts were increased significantly after therapy in group B with a significant improvement in the plaque index score, gingival bleeding index score with a reduction of probing depth, and a gain in clinical attachment levels. Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, it could be concluded that GAgP was associated with reduced RBC parameters suggesting that it may tend toward anemia of chronic disease (ACD). Nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) not only reverses the periodontal health by reducing the inflammation but also improves the anemic status. Clinical significance: Based on several studies, it was concluded that chronic periodontitis is associated with ACD. This study results indicate that like chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis is also associated with reduced RBC and Hb count suggesting the risk for ACD. So when a patient is diagnosed to have any chronic infectious disease that might lead to ACD, then it is mandatory to treat that particular disease in order to reduce the infection so as to reverse the anemic status of an individual.


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