The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2021 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Evaluation of Maxillary Anterior Teeth Width and Their Relation to the Calculated Values for Smile Designing

C Lavanya, Dubhakunta Sriteja, Gayathri Bandari, Vatvatwar Rajasri, Chikurumalli Smriti, Nandiwada K Pradeep

Keywords : Golden mean, Golden proportion, Preston proportion, Smile designing, Ward formulas

Citation Information :

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3051

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-04-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim and objective: The present study was conducted to determine the golden proportion, golden mean, and the Preston proportion of the individuals between the widths of six maxillary anterior teeth and to determine which proportional formula exists in the population. Materials and methods: This study was conducted among 60 participants between 18 years and 30 years of age with an esthetic smile. They were grouped into 30 females and 30 males. Maxillary arch impressions were made using irreversible hydrocolloid material from each individual. The width of the anterior teeth on the graph paper was analyzed by using digital vernier caliper. The data were statistically analyzed by one way ANOVA test. Results: The study revealed that the formula of golden proportion and golden mean had no statistical differences between males and females but the Preston proportion has shown statistical differences in the total population. Conclusion: From the current study, it was concluded that the formulas of golden mean and golden proportion proposed by Ward can be used for smile designing and full mouth rehabilitations. Clinical significance: Demand for smiles has gained its importance with time. The golden proportion, golden mean, and the Preston proportion are the guidelines used by the professional for better esthetic proportion in the dentition.


PDF Share
  1. Niranjan NT, Kanaparthy A, Kanaparthy R, et al. Photographic and manual evaluation of golden percentage and recurrent aesthetic dental proportion in aesthetic smiles. J Med Dent Sci 2016;5(38):2267– 2270.
  2. Hasanreisoglu U, Berksun S, Aras K, et al. An analysis of maxillary anterior teeth: Facial and dental proportions. J Prosthet Dent 2005;94(6):530–538. DOI: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2005.10.007.
  3. Levin EI. Dental esthetics and the golden proportion. J Prosthet Dent 1978;40(3):244–252. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(78)90028-8.
  4. De Castro MVM, de Meneses S, Carolina N, et al. Assessment of the “golden proportion” in agreeable smiles. Quintessence Int 2006;37(8):597–604.
  5. Lombardi RE. The principles of visual perception and their clinical application to denture esthetics. J Prosthet Dent 1973;29(4):358–382. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3913(73)80013-7.
  6. Wolfart S, Quaas AC, Freitag S, et al. Subjective and objective perception of upper incisors. J Oral Rehabil 2006;33(7):489–495. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2005.01581.x.
  7. Ferro KJ, Morgano SM. The Glossary of Prosthodontic Terms, Edition Nine, J Prosthet Dent 2017;117(5s):16–92.
  8. Al-Kaisy N, Garib BT. Analysis of the golden proportion and width/height ratios of maxillary anterior teeth in Arab and Kurdish populations. J Prosthet Dent 2018;119(6):981–986. DOI: 10.1016/j. prosdent.2017.08.017.
  9. Snow SR. Esthetic Smile Analysis of Maxillary Anterior Tooth Width: the Golden Percentage. J. Esthet Dent 1999;11(4):177–184. DOI: 10.1111/j.1708-8240.1999.tb00397.x.
  10. Preston JD. The golden proportion revisited. J Esthet Dent 1993;5(6):247–251. DOI: 10.1111/j.1708-8240.1993.tb00788.x.
  11. Kanaparthy A, Kanaparthy R, Boreak N, et al. Evaluation of widths of maxillary anterior teeth and their relation to the golden proportion in the southwestern part of Saudi Arabia. J Med Dent Sci 2016;4(2):83–86. DOI: 10.5455/jrmds.2016422.
  12. Beyuo F, Wilson N. Assessment of upper anterior tooth dimensions and relationship in a Young-Adult-Black-Urban-Zimbabwean population. EC Dent Sci 2016;5(1):949–963.
  13. Aldegheishem A, Azam A, Al-Madi E, et al. Golden proportion evaluation in maxillary anterior teeth amongst Saudi population in Riyadh. Saudi Dent J 2019;31(3):322–329. DOI: 10.1016/j.sdentj.2019.03.001.
  14. Dalaie K, Behnaz M, Mirmohamadsadeghi H, et al. Maxillary anterior teeth width proportion: a literature review. EC Dental Sci 2017;16(5):197–206.
  15. Al-Marzok MI, Majeed KR, Ibrahim IK. Evalution of maxillary anterior teeth and their relation to golden proportion in Malaysian population. BMC Oral Health 2013;13:9. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-13-9.
  16. Parnia F, Hafezeqoran A, Mahboub F, et al. Proportions of maxillary anterior teeth relative to each other and to golden standard in Tabriz Dental Faculty Students. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospect 2010;4(3):83–86. DOI: 10.5681/joddd.2010.021.
  17. Swileh MA, Abuaffan AH, Alhajj MN. Evaluation of the golden proportion and golden standard of maxillary anterior teeth in relation to smile attractiveness. Braz Dent Sci 2019;22(2):178–189. DOI: 10.14295/bds.2019.v22i2.1694.
  18. Mahshid M, Khoshvaghti A, Varshosaz M, et al. Evaluation of “golden proportion” in individuals with an esthetic smile. J Esthet Restor Dent 2004;16(3):185–192. DOI: 10.1111/j.1708-8240.2004.tb00032.x.
  19. Hegde MN, Malhotra S. Evalution of golden proportion between maxillary anterior teeth of South Indian population. Dent Open J 2016;2(5):131–141. DOI: 10.17140/DOJ-2-125.
  20. Sandeep N, Satwalekar P, Srinivas S, et al. An analysis of maxillary anterior teeth dimensions for the existence of golden proportion: clinical study. J Int Oral Health 2015;7(9):18–21.
  21. Bukhary SMN, Gill DS, Tredwin CJ, et al. The influence of varying maxillary lateral incisor dimensions on perceived smile aesthetics. BrDen J 2007;203(12):687–693. DOI: 10.1038/bdj.2007.1110.
  22. Murthy BV, Ramani N. Evaluation of natural smile; golden proportion, RED or Golden percentage. J Conserv Dent 2008;11(1):16–21. DOI: 10.4103/0972-0707.43413.
  23. Rosenstiel SF, Ward DH, Rashid RG. Dentists’ preferences of anterior tooth proportion: a web-based study. J Prosthodont 2000;9(3):123–136. DOI: 10.1053/jopr.2000.19987.
  24. Chander NG, Kumar VV, Rangarajan V. Golden proportion assessment between maxillary and mandibular teeth on Indian population. J Adv Prosthodont 2012;4(2):72–75. DOI: 10.4047/jap.2012.4.2.72.
  25. Fayyad MA, Jamani KD, Aqrabawi J. Geometric and mathematical proportions and their relations to maxillary anterior teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006;5(7):62–70.
  26. Mahajan V, Nagpal A, Gupta R, et al. Comparative evaluation of golden proportion, recurring esthetic dental proportion and golden percentage in Himachal demographic. J Adv Med Biomed Res 2019;29(10):1–7. DOI: 10.9734/jammr/2019/v29i1030133.
  27. Lashkari KP, Shukla A, Vijay Kumar CN, et al. Evaluation of existence of anthropometric proportions in dentitions of females who are satisfied with their smile: a cross-sectional study. Int J Dentistry Res 2018;3(3):66–68. DOI: 10.31254/dentistry.2018.3302.
  28. Condon M, Bready M, Quinn F, et al. Maxillary anterior tooth dimensions and proportions in an Irish young adult population. J Oral Rehabil 2011;38(7):501–508. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2010.02181.x.
  29. Agrawal VS, Kapoor S, Bhesania D, et al. Comparative photographic evaluation of various geometric and mathematical proportions of maxillary anterior teeth: a clinical study. Indian J Dent Res 2016;27(1):32–36. DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.179811.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.