Citation Information :
Torres CR, Zanatta RF, Godoy MM, Borges AB. Influence of Bleaching Gel Peroxide Concentration on Color and Penetration through the Tooth Structure. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (5):479-483.
Aim and objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of hydrogen peroxide concentration on the bleaching efficacy and penetration through the tooth structure.
Materials and methods: One hundred enamel/dentin specimens with cylindrical shape were obtained from bovine incisors. The surfaces were polished and the size standardized. They were divided into five groups (n = 20), following the concentration of hydrogen peroxide in the bleaching gels: 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40% (w/w). The specimens were placed over artificial pulpal chambers containing acetate buffer solution and bleached for 30 minutes (three applications of 10 minutes each). Aliquots of the acetate solution were collected, and the peroxide concentration was measured by an analytic spectrophotometer. The color of the samples was analyzed using a colorimetric spectrophotometer at the baseline and 7 days after the bleaching procedure. The color difference was calculated using the ΔEab formula. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey\'s test (p <0.05).
Results: The peroxide concentrations of 20–30% showed smaller bleaching effect than the higher concentrations (p = 0.001). The peroxide penetration was significantly higher (p = 0.001) for the more concentrated gels (35 and 40%).
Conclusion: The higher peroxide concentrations enhance the bleaching efficacy, but also increased the peroxide penetration through the tooth structure.
Clinical significance: In-office bleaching gels with higher concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (35 and 40%) present superior whitening efficacy. Nevertheless, they might also intensify the negative biological effects on the pulpal tissue, since they exhibit increased penetration potential.
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