Comparing Bacterial Leakage of Three Intraorifice Barrier Sealing Materials against Enterococcus faecalis and Proteus vulgaris
Shreya Kohli Khanna, H Murali Rao, Nausheen Aga, Padma Chandra
E. faecalis, Intraorifice barrier, LC-GIC, P. vulgaris, ProRoot MTA, Tetric N-Flow
Citation Information :
Khanna SK, Rao HM, Aga N, Chandra P. Comparing Bacterial Leakage of Three Intraorifice Barrier Sealing Materials against Enterococcus faecalis and Proteus vulgaris. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (6):674-679.
Aim: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the intraorifice sealing ability of light-cured glass-ionomer cement (LC-GIC), Tetric N-Flow, and ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) against Enterococcus faecalis and Proteus vulgaris.
Materials and methods: Crowns of the eighty human mandibular teeth were decapitated. Working length determination was performed, after which cleaning and shaping were carried out. A uniform orifice diameter of 1.3 mm, at its widest point, was made. Once instrumentation was completed, the canals were irrigated and then obturated. A heat carrier was used to remove gutta-percha to the depth of 3.5 mm. Samples were then divided into a control group (Group 1) with no barrier, and three groups, namely, Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4, were restored with the LC-GIC, Tetric N-Flow, and ProRoot MTA, respectively. The groups were further subdivided into Subgroup A for checking bacterial leakage against E. faecalis and Subgroup B, against P. vulgaris. All samples were subjected to the bacterial leakage test and observed daily for the appearance of turbidity after which statistical analysis was performed.
Results: Group 1 showed leakage in, as early as, 3 days. The longest time for the turbidity to appear was shown by Group 4 with an average of 31 days. The mean number of days for turbidity to appear in Group 2 and Group 3 was 23 and 24 days, respectively. Group 4 showed the best intraorifice sealing ability with a significant difference.
Conclusion: The teeth with an intraorifice coronal seal had better protection against microbial leakage. Among all materials used, the ProRoot MTA showed the best intraorifice sealing ability.
Clinical significance: Use of the ProRoot MTA promises long-term results in the endodontically treated teeth as compared with other materials.
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