Microleakage Comparative Evaluation of RMGIC and Alkasite with and without Adhesive System in Class V Cavity: An In Vitro Study
Dennis Dennis, Sondang Pintauli, Shinta Debora
Adhesive, Alkasite, Class V restoration, Microleakage, RMGIC
Citation Information :
Dennis D, Pintauli S, Debora S. Microleakage Comparative Evaluation of RMGIC and Alkasite with and without Adhesive System in Class V Cavity: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2021; 22 (7):735-738.
Aim and objective: This study aimed to compare microleakage of resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) and alkasite with and without adhesive system in class V cavity.
Materials and methods: Thirty class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surface. All prepared samples were randomly divided into three groups. Group I was restored with RMGIC, group II was restored with Cention N after the application of adhesive system, and group III was restored with alkasite. Samples were subjected to 200 thermocycles between temperature baths at 5°C and 55°C. Samples were stained with 2% methylene blue. The teeth were sectioned longitudinally, and the sections were then observed under stereomicroscope at a magnification of 20×.
Results: Statistical analysis showed that there was less microleakage in Cention N using adhesive system in both occlusal margin and gingival margin.
Conclusion: There were significant differences between RMGIC, alkasite with adhesive system, and alkasite without adhesive system in class V cavity. Least microleakage at the occlusal margin and gingival margin was seen with Cention N using adhesive system and highest microleakage at the RMGIC.
Clinical significance: Cention N using the adhesive system affects the microleakage in the class V restoration. The study theorizes that the material restorations showed less microleakage in the occlusal margin than in the gingival margin.
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