Prevalence of Early Primary Teeth Loss in 5–9-year-old Schoolchildren in and around Melmaruvathur: A Cross-sectional Study
A Selvabalaji, A Vasanthakumari, M Ishwarya, S Preethi Archana, K Ekambareswaran, RK Swetha
Dental caries, Early loss, Malocclusion, Prevalence
Citation Information :
Selvabalaji A, Vasanthakumari A, Ishwarya M, Archana SP, Ekambareswaran K, Swetha R. Prevalence of Early Primary Teeth Loss in 5–9-year-old Schoolchildren in and around Melmaruvathur: A Cross-sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (10):1004-1007.
Aim: The goal of this study was to determine the frequency of early primary tooth loss among school children in and around Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study involving all the children aged between 5 and 9 years in and around Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India, from January 2022 to July 2022 was conducted. A total of 20 government schools were approached for participation in the study, study population consisted of 800 government school children (358 boys and 442 girls). All clinical assessments were done in the natural light by an experienced examiner. Age and missing teeth were among the data gathered.
Results: The findings revealed that 20.8% of the sample had lost their primary teeth before the age of 6 (p > 0.05), although no gender differences were seen, males (12.6%) were more commonly affected than females (8.2%). The mandibular arch (61.8%) was more commonly affected than the maxillary arch (38.2%). In accordance with the frequency of early loss of teeth relative to tooth type, the molars (98.2%) were the most commonly prematurely lost teeth followed by the incisors (1.5%) and the cuspids (0.3%). The left lower primary first molars (42.3%) were the most often missing teeth, and the frequency was highest in 8-year-old children (38.9%).
Conclusion: It was shown that lower primary molars were the most often missing teeth in the current investigation, and that early loss was highly prevalent.
Clinical significance: Early loss of primary teeth leads to lots of malocclusion problems mainly arch length discrepancies are seen. Early detection and management of the space problems associated with the early loss of primary teeth would help in reducing malocclusion problems.
Alamoudi N. The Prevalence of crowding, attrition, midline discrepancies and premature tooth loss in the primary dentition of children in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1999;24:53–58. PMID: 10709544.
Leite–Cavalcanti A, Menezes SA, Granville–Garcia AF, et al. Prevalence of early loss of primary molars: Study retrospective. Acta Sci Health Sci 2008;30:139–143.
Leite–Cavalcanti A, de Alencar CR, Bezerra PK, et al. Prevalence of early loss of primary molars in school children in Campina Grande, Brazil Pak Oral Dent J 2008;28:113–116.
McDonald RE, Avery DR, Dean JA. Eruption of teeth: Local, systemic and congenital factors that influence the process. Dent Child Adolesc 2005;8:174–202.
Cardoso L, Zembruski C, Fernandes DS, et al. Evaluation of prevalence of precocious loss of deciduous molars. Braz Res Pediatr Dent Integr Clin 2005;5:17–22.
Kelner N, Rodrigues MJ, Miranda K. Prevalence of early loss of deciduous molars in children attending the FOP/UPE in 2002 and 2003. Dent Clin Sci Recife 2005;4:213–218.
Caufield PW, Cutter GR, Dasanayake AP. Initial acquisition of mutans streptococci by infants: Evidence for a discrete window of infectivity. J Dent Res 1993;72(1):37–45. DOI: 10.1177/00220345930720010501.
Alamoudi N, Salako N, Masoud I. Prevalence and distribution of caries in the primary dentition in a Cosmopolitan Saudi Population. Saudi Dent J 1995;7:24–28.
Saravanan S, Kalyani V, Vijayarani MP, et al. Caries prevalence and treatment needs of rural school children in Chidambaram Taluk, Tamil Nadu, South India. Indian J Dent Res 2008;19(3):186–190. DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.42948.
Mahejabeen R, Sudha P, Kulkarni SS, et al. Dental caries prevalence among preschool children of Hubli: Dharwad city. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2006;24:19–22.
Loto AO. Relative prevalence of caries in first and second premolars in urban Nigerians. Odontostomatol Trop 1998;21(84):23–26. PMID: 11372109.
Ahamed SS, Reddy VN, Krishnakumar R, et al. Prevalence of early loss of primary teeth in 5–10-year-old school children in Chidambaram town. Contemporary clinical dentistry. 2012;3(1):27. DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.94542.
Ngan P, Alkire RG, Fields H Jr. Management of space problems in the primary and mixed dentitions. J Am Dent Assoc 1999;130:1330–1339. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.1999.0403.
Macena MCB, Katz CRT, Heimer MV, et al. Space changes after premature loss of deciduous molars among Brazilian children. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2011;140(6):771–778. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2011.04.023.
Tunison W, Flores–Mir C, ElBadrawy H, et al. Dental arch space changes following premature loss of primary first molars: A systemic review. Pediatr Dent 2008;30(4):297–302. PMID: 18767508.
Alnahawi HH, Donly KJ, Contreras CI. Space loss following premature loss of primary second molars. Gen Dent 2015;63:e1–e4. PMID: 26545280.
Al-Shahrani N, Al-Amri A, Hegazi F, et al. The prevalence of premature loss of primary teeth and its impact on malocclusion in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Acta Odontol Scand 2015;73(7):544–549. DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2014.939709.
Holan G, Needleman HL. Premature loss of primary anterior teeth due to trauma: Potential short- and long-term sequelae. Dent Traumatol 2014;30(2):100–106. DOI: 10.1111/edt.12081.
Reddy NV, Daneswari V, Shruti G, et al. Premature loss of primary teeth on arch dimensions in 6-to 10-year-old schoolchildren in Khammam town, Telangana state. Int J Pedod Rehabil 2018;3(2):67–71. DOI: 10.4103/ijpr.ijpr_28_17.