Assessment of Risk of Malignancy of Fine-needle Aspiration Cytology in Salivary Gland Lesions Using the Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology Categorization: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Biopsy, Cytology, Fine needle aspiration, Milan system, Risk of malignancy, Salivary glands
Citation Information :
Shahi AK, Sharma S, Singh B, Tandon A, Chandra S. Assessment of Risk of Malignancy of Fine-needle Aspiration Cytology in Salivary Gland Lesions Using the Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology Categorization: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (10):1039-1056.
Background: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the salivary gland is crucial in the identification of salivary gland lesions, but the variation in morphological pattern and the overlap of morphological traits can result in erroneous interpretation and affect treatment, making FNAC of the salivary gland problematic. The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) was created to address these problems.
Objectives: To ascertain whether the FNAC method using MSRSGC was reliable in predicting the risk of malignancy (ROM) in each category of salivary gland lesions.
Materials and methods: The databases PubMed-MEDLINE, Web of Science, Cochrane, Scopus, and Google Scholar were all searched using pertinent keywords, reference searches, and citation searches. A fixed effect model was used to determine the pooled proportion with a 95% confidence interval (CI). All statistical analyses were performed using Meta Disc and R version 4.0.2 (R Foundation for Statistical Computing).
Results: After reviewing the submissions’ abstracts and titles, 58 documents that satisfied the necessary inclusion and exclusion criteria were ultimately selected. A total of 19,652 samples from 19,408 individuals was analyzed, out of which 9,958 samples were available for histopathological follow-up. The pooled ROM for category I was 10%, category II was 5%, category III was 28%, category IV A was 2%, Category IV B was 34%, category V was 91%, and category VI was 99%.
Conclusion: Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology is useful for risk stratification and quality control, confirming its validity and diagnostic utility. Widespread use of MSRSGC would improve the accuracy of salivary gland cytology and lead to better patient care and improved treatment strategies. The results of this study are in consonance with reported values as per MSRSGC except for category V.
Clinical significance: The MSRSGC which was first reported in 2018 is a very useful tool for proper stratification of ROM in salivary gland FNAC. This study allowed us to validate the ROM values in different categories as reported in MSRSGC.
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