A New Proposal for Calibrated Gauges for Removable Partial Dentures: A Finite Element Analysis
Mariana Domingues Pordeus, Giulia Dani Gasparetto, Leonardo Mendes Ribeiro Machado, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, Rodrigo Moreira Bringel da Costa, Ana Paula Chappuis-Chocano, Helena Sandrini Venante, Joel Ferreira Santiago Junior, Vinicius Carvalho Porto
Citation Information :
Pordeus MD, Gasparetto GD, Machado LM, Noritomi PY, da Costa RM, Chappuis-Chocano AP, Venante HS, Junior JF, Porto VC. A New Proposal for Calibrated Gauges for Removable Partial Dentures: A Finite Element Analysis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (12):1230-1236.
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution of a planned removable partial denture (RPD) using new proposals for calibrated gauges of 0.3 mm and 0.35 mm undercuts through the three-dimensional (3D) finite element methodology, and compare them with 0.25 mm and 0.5 mm gauges that are already existing in clinical practice.
Materials and methods: Kennedy class-I edentulous 3D models and their respective RPDs (InVesalius software; Rhinoceros and SolidWorks CAD) were created and exported to the finite element program HyperMesh 2019 for mesh configuration. In the following steps, axial loading (0°) of 40 N per point was performed, with 3 points on the molars and 2 points on the premolars, totaling 280 N unilaterally. The model was processed by the OptiStruct 2019 software and imported into the HyperView 2019 software to obtain the stress maps (MPa).
Results: The use of 0.30 and 0.35 mm calibrated gauges presented tensions similar to those with the 0.25 mm gauge (gold standard) and caused no significant damage to biological structures. The use of a 0.5 mm undercut caused greater traction force in the periodontal ligament of the abutments.
Conclusions: The 0.35 mm undercut seems promising as it presented more favorable results in this simulation, on the other hand, a 0.5 mm undercut is greater than that necessary for retainers made of CoCr.
Clinical significance: This study aims to measure a new undercut gauge (0.35 mm) to increase the retention area in abutment teeth of removable partial dentures.
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