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VOLUME 23 , ISSUE 4 ( April, 2022 ) > List of Articles


In Vitro Evaluation of Bond Strength to Dentin of Two Post Systems: Computer-aided Design and Computer-aided Manufacturing Fiber Posts vs Splendor Single Adjustable Post

Maryanna de Souza Guimarães, Carlos E da Silveira Bueno, Alexandre S de Martin, Carlos E Fontana, Rina A Pelegrine, Sérgio L Pinheiro, Daniel G Pedro Rocha

Keywords : Dental restoration failure, Dentin bonding agents, Post and core technique, Resin cements, Tensile strength

Citation Information : Guimarães MD, Bueno CE, de Martin AS, Fontana CE, Pelegrine RA, Pinheiro SL, Rocha DG. In Vitro Evaluation of Bond Strength to Dentin of Two Post Systems: Computer-aided Design and Computer-aided Manufacturing Fiber Posts vs Splendor Single Adjustable Post. J Contemp Dent Pract 2022; 23 (4):388-392.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3325

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 11-07-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Aim: To assess dentin–post bond strength and mode of failure through tensile strength testing of two endodontic post systems: CAD/CAM custom-milled fiber posts vs Splendor SAP. Materials and methods: Thirty extracted single-rooted mandibular premolars were sectioned 2 mm coronal to the cementoenamel junction. Root length was standardized at 15 mm, and the root canals were instrumented with #20 K-files followed by 30/0.03 and 30/0.05 ProDesign Logic rotary files, under irrigation with 2.5% NaOCl, and then submitted to final irrigation with 17% EDTA. Canals were filled with gutta-percha and AH PLUS sealer. After 24 hours, the teeth were prepared for post placement to a depth of 10 mm and randomly allocated into two experimental groups (n = 15): CAD/CAM (CC) and Splendor SAP (SS). All posts were cemented with RelyX U200 dual-cure self-adhesive resin cement. The roots were embedded in acrylic resin, and the specimens were stored for 7 days in moist heat (37°C). Tensile strength testing until failure was then performed in a universal testing machine using a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute. The final failure load was tabulated for statistical analysis, and the G test was used to compare the failure modes observed under light microscopy (5× magnification). Results: There was no significant difference between groups regarding tensile bond strength to root dentin (p = 0.325). Conversely, failure mode differed significantly between groups (p = 0.037). Conclusion: The tensile bond strength observed for the CAD/CAM and Splendor SAP post systems was similar. Adhesive failure was predominant in both groups; however, the CAD/CAM custom-milled fiber posts failed predominantly at the dentin–resin cement interface, whereas Splendor SAP posts failed mostly at the post–resin cement interface. Clinical significance: A strong post–dentin bond is a key to the success of dental restorations and prosthetic rehabilitation. In teeth with severe coronal decay and wide canals, both of the tested systems would be able to achieve good cervical fit.

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