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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of the Effect of Different Antioxidants on Resin Bond Strength to Enamel after Bleaching: An In Vitro Study

Nadia Rasool, Satwady Vidhyadhara Shetty, Prathap Mulakkal Sreekantan Nair, Nishi Jayasheelan, Jayaprakash Kukkila

Keywords : α-Lipoic acid, Herbal antioxidants, Pomegranate peel extract, Propolis, Shear bond strength, Sodium ascorbate

Citation Information : Rasool N, Shetty SV, Nair PM, Jayasheelan N, Kukkila J. Evaluation of the Effect of Different Antioxidants on Resin Bond Strength to Enamel after Bleaching: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2023; 24 (5):320-324.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3502

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 07-07-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: To compare and evaluate the efficacy of 10% sodium ascorbate (SA) solution, 10% alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) solution, 10% propolis solutions (PLS), and 10% pomegranate peel extract (PPE) solution on the shear bond strength (SBS) between composite resin and bleached enamel after 60 minutes. Materials and methods: Ninety extracted teeth were divided into 6 subgroups (n = 15) based on the antioxidant applied: Group I: Bleaching + application of 10% SA solution for 60 minutes. Group II: Bleaching + application of 10% ALA solution for 60 minutes. Group II: Bleaching + application of 10% PLS for 60 minutes. Group IV: Bleaching + application of 10% PPE solution for 60 min. Group V: Positive control (PC) bleaching without antioxidant application. Group VI: Negative control (NC) specimen neither subjected to bleaching nor application of an antioxidant solution. About 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) was used for bleaching the labial surfaces in the groups considered. Labial surfaces were then bonded with composite using a customized cylindrical mold followed by storage in distilled water for 24 hours and shear bond strength was tested using universal testing machine. Results: The mean shear bond strength values for groups I, II, III, IV, V, and VI are 5.04, 2.29, 5.02, 4.07, 1.42, and 9.08 respectively. The peak shear bond strength value is obtained for the negative control group; whereas the lowest mean SBS value is obtained for the positive control group. Conclusion: All herbal extracts used in the present study have demonstrated a reversal of reduced SBS between resin composite and bleached enamel surface. Clinical significance: The reduction in bond strength of adhesive restorations was conventionally overcome by delaying the bonding procedure for a specified period resulting in prolonged treatment duration and multiple appointments. Sodium ascorbate is most commonly used but it is postulated to form a porous scaffold capable of harboring bacteria. Herbal antioxidants are gaining popularity in this regard as they are naturally derived, effective and affordable phytochemicals in addition to being viable alternatives against drug-resistant strains of microorganisms.

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