The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 7 ( July, 2023 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Prevalence of Dental Caries in Children Visiting a Dental College and Hospital in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-sectional Study

Vivek Padmanabhan, Layla Taha Mohammad, Hessa Khaled Humed Abdulla AlZaabi, Fadia Alfateh Hamed Alneel AwadAlkreem

Keywords : Dental caries, Oral hygiene, Prevalence, School children

Citation Information : Padmanabhan V, Mohammad LT, AlZaabi HK, AwadAlkreem FA. Prevalence of Dental Caries in Children Visiting a Dental College and Hospital in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-sectional Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2023; 24 (7):467-472.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3529

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 19-08-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of dental caries in school children visiting a dental college and hospital and investigate the associated risk factors. Materials and methods: Eighty children were recruited in this study between the ages of 6–12 years. The caries prevalence of decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) was recorded using an evaluation form. A structured questionnaire was used to understand the associated risk factors. Results: The caries prevalence in the population was found to be at 91.25%. There was a strong negative correlation between age and dental caries and the results were statistically significant with p-value being less than 0.0001. The duration of bottle and breastfeeding, frequency of teeth brushing, adult supervision during brushing, consumption frequency of sweets, and the frequency or timing of children's dental visits were found to be positively associated with dental caries and these results were statistically significant with p-value being less than 0.05. Conclusion: A high prevalence of dental caries was observed among the population visiting the dental college and hospital. Encouraging dental health education, including promoting the significance of good oral hygiene practices, is crucial. Clinical significance: The study emphasizes the rising prevalence of dental caries and underscores the need for dental health education and the promotion of good oral hygiene practices to prevent complications and reduce their prevalence.


HTML PDF Share
  1. World Health Organization. The objectives of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme (ORH). Available at: www.who.int/oral_health/objectives/en/index.html. Accessed on: 24 April 2023.
  2. Detels R, Tan CC. The scope and concerns of public health. In: Roger Detels, Martin Gulliford, Karim QA, ChorhChuan Tan, editors. Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health, 6th edition, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford University Press. 2015; pp. 1033–1038.
  3. World Health Organization, Oral health, World Health Organization, 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/oral-health. Accessed on: 26 April 2023.
  4. Available at: https://www.globalmediainsight.com/blog/uae-population-statistics/. Accessed on: 26 April 2023.
  5. Al-Bluwi GSM. Epidemiology of dental caries in children in the United Arab Emirates. Int Dent J 2014;64(4):219–228. DOI: 10.1111/idj.12114.
  6. Available at: https://u.ae/en/about-the-uae/the-seven-emirates/ras-al-khaimah. Accessed on: 28 April 2023.
  7. Godson J, Csikar J, White S. Oral health of children in England: A call to action!” Arch Dis Chidhood 2017;103(1):5–10. DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-312725.
  8. Anil S, Anand PS. Early childhood caries: Prevalence, risk factors and prevention. Front Pediatr 2017;5:157. DOI: 10.3389/fped.2017.00157.
  9. Policy on early childhood caries (ECC): Classifications, consequences, and preventive strategies. Pediatr Dent 2016;38:52–54. PMID: 27931420.
  10. Farooqi FA, Khabeer A, Moheet IA, et al. Prevalence of dental caries in primary and permanent teeth and its relation with tooth brushing habits among schoolchildren in eastern Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2015:36(6):737–742. DOI: 10.15537/smj.2015.6.10888.
  11. Al-Tamimi S, Petersen P.E. Oral health situation of schoolchildren, mothers and schoolteachers in Saudi Arabia. Int. Dent. J 1998, 48, 180–186. DOI: 10.1111/j.1875-595x.1998.tb00475. x.
  12. Al-Mughery AS, Attwood D, Blinkhorn A. Dental health of 5-year-old children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1991;19(5):308–309. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1991.tb00173.x.
  13. Al-Hosani E, Rugg–Gunn A. Combination of low parental educational attainment and high parental income related to high caries experience in pre-school children in Abu Dhabi. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1998;26(1):31–36. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1998.tb01921.x.
  14. Hashim R, Williams S, Thomson WM. Severe early childhood caries and behavioural risk indicators among young children in Ajman, United Arab Emirates. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2011;12(4):205–210. DOI: 10.1007/BF03262808.
  15. Frencken JE, Sharma P, Stenhouse L, et al. Global epidemiology of dental caries and severe periodontitis: A comprehensive review. J Clin Periodontol 2017;44(Suppl. 18):S94–S105. DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12677.
  16. Pitts NB, Zero DT, Marsh PD, et al. Dental caries. Nat Rev Dis Primers 2017;3:17030. DOI: 10.1038/nrdp.2017.30.
  17. Kuriakose S, Prasannan M, Remya KC, et al. Prevalence of early childhood caries among preschool children in Trivandrum and its association with various risk factors. Contemporary Clinical Dent 2015;6(1):69–73. DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.149295.
  18. Van Meijeren–van Lunteren AW, Voortman T, Elfrink MEC, et al. Breastfeeding and childhood dental caries: Results from a socially diverse birth cohort study. Caries Res 2021;55(2):153–161. DOI: 10.1159/000514502.
  19. Avila WM, Pordeus IA, Paiva SM, et al. Breast and bottle feeding as risk factors for dental caries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2015;10(11):e0142922. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0142922.
  20. Chaffee BW, Feldens CA, Vítolo MR. Association of long-duration breastfeeding and dental caries estimated with marginal structural models. Ann Epidemiol 2014;24(6):448–454. DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.01.013.
  21. Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJ, et al. Lancet breastfeeding series group breastfeeding in the 21st century: Epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. Lancet 2016;387(10017):475–490. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01024-7.
  22. Rothen M, Cunha–Cruz J, Zhou L, et al. Oral hygiene behaviors and caries experience in Northwest PRECEDENT patients. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2014;42(6):526–535. DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12107.
  23. Damle SG, Patil A, Jain S, et al. Effectiveness of supervised toothbrushing and oral health education in improving oral hygiene status and practices of urban and rural school children: A comparative study. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2014;4(3):175–181. DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.142021.
  24. Wigen TI, Wang NJ. Tooth brushing frequency and use of fluoride lozenges in children from 1.5 to 5 years of age: A longitudinal study. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2014;42(5):395–403. DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12094.
  25. Kumar S, Tadakamadla J, Johnson NW. Effect of toothbrushing frequency on incidence and increment of dental caries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent Res 2016;95(11):1230–1236. DOI: 10.1177/0022034516655315.
  26. Alhabdan YA, Albeshr AG, Yenugadhati N, et al. Prevalence of dental caries and associated factors among primary school children: A population-based cross-sectional study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Environ Health Prev Med 2018;23(1):60. DOI: 10.1186/s12199-018-0750-z.
  27. Winter J, Glaser M, Heinzel–Gutenbrunner M, et al. Association of caries increment in preschool children with nutritional and preventive variables. Clin Oral Investig 2015;19(8):1913–1919. DOI: 10.1007/s00784-015-1419-2.
  28. Bonotto DV, Montes GR, Ferreira FM et al. Association of parental attitudes at mealtime and snack limits with the prevalence of untreated dental caries among preschool children. Appetite 2017;108:450–455. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.11.007.
  29. Alraqiq H, Eddali A, Boufis R. Prevalence of dental caries and associated factors among school-aged children in Tripoli, Libya: A cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health 2021;21(1):224. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-021-01545-9.
  30. Karki S, Päkkila J, Laitala ML, et al. Influence of dental caries on oral health-related quality of life, school absenteeism and school performance among Nepalese schoolchildren. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2019;47(6):461–469. DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12485.
  31. Khan SQ. Dental caries in Arab League countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int Dent J 2014;64(4):173–180. DOI: 10.1111/idj.12092.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.