Citation Information :
Hage W, Sarkis DK, Kallasy M, Sfeir G, Mallah M, El Hachem R, Khalil I, Zogheib C. Antimicrobial Activity of Five Calcium Silicate Based Root Canal Sealers against a Multispecies Engineered Biofilm: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2023; 24 (9):707-714.
Aim: The present study's objective was to compare the impact of CerasealR, total fill BC SealerR, Bio-C SealerR, AH Plus BioceramicR, and K-BiocerR on the elimination of a multispecies’ endodontic biofilm at 3, 7 and 14 days.
Materials and methods: A total of 20 freshly extracted, caries-free premolars were prepared for the study to create dentinal disks. For the multispecies biofilm formation, Enterococcus faecalis, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans were cultured and used to inoculate hydroxyapatite discs. After incubation, the biofilms were placed on blotting papers in petri dishes with an orthodontic bend. Different root canal sealers, including CeraSeal, total Fill BC Sealer, Bio-C Sealer, AH Plus Bioceramic, K-Biocer, and Sealite, were injected into the bend, facilitating contact with the biofilms. The samples were divided into seven groups, including a negative control. At specific intervals, 3, 7, and 14 days, 3 biofilm samples from each group were collected, diluted, and plated on Agar media for colony counting and analysis.
Results: In all tested groups, the total bacterial count significantly decreased between day 3 and 14 (p < 0.05) with no statistically significant differences among the different sealers’ groups at all-time points for the total bacterial count, E. faecalis count, and P. mirabilis count. However, Sealite demonstrated the most consistent effectiveness in reducing bacterial counts across multiple categories. The sealite group was capable of decreasing the C. albicans count significantly between day 3 and day 14 (p < 0.05) in comparison with the bioceramic groups.
Conclusion: All sealers had antibacterial activity against the multispecies biofilm between day 3 and day 14. The ascending order of sealers in terms of their effectiveness in killing bacteria, based on the provided results, is as follows: Sealite, Bio-C Sealer, AH Plus, CeraSeal, TotalFill, and K-Biocer. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the bacterial counts among the different sealer groups at any time point.
Clinical significance: The role of sealers in combating biofilm-associated infections highlights their potential clinical utility in preserving root canal health. Understanding the antimicrobial properties of these sealers is vital for informed decision-making in selecting the most effective materials for improved treatment outcomes and long-term success in endodontic procedures.
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