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VOLUME 25 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Immediate Loading Using the Digitalized Customized Restoration of Single-tooth Implants Placed in Fresh Extraction Sockets in the Aesthetic Anterior Maxilla: A 10-Year Prospective Study of Marginal Bone Level

Antoine Berberi, Amine el Zoghbi, Georges Aad, Georges Tehini

Keywords : Computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing systems, Immediate loading, Marginal bone level, Maxilla, Single implant

Citation Information : Berberi A, el Zoghbi A, Aad G, Tehini G. Immediate Loading Using the Digitalized Customized Restoration of Single-tooth Implants Placed in Fresh Extraction Sockets in the Aesthetic Anterior Maxilla: A 10-Year Prospective Study of Marginal Bone Level. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024; 25 (3):213-220.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-3659

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 19-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Aim: The objective of this study was to assess marginal bone level around single implants inserted in fresh extraction sockets in the anterior maxillary region and instantly restored with computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing customized temporary crowns cemented on the final abutment. Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients (15 females and 5 males, with a mean age of 30 years), where 20 were placed in fresh extraction sockets. After raising a full-thickness flap, atraumatic extraction was performed the implant site was prepared and fixtures were stabilized on the palatal bone wall. The implant location was immediately transmitted to the prepared master model using the pick-up impression coping seated in the surgical guide template. Prefabricated abutments were used as the final abutment on the master model, scanned and the crown was planned using computer-aided manufacturing customized software. Later on 8th weeks, abutments were torqued as per the manufacturer's recommendation, and the final crowns were cemented. Using personalized intraoral radiographs marginal bone level was evaluated mesially and distally to the implant shoulder as a reference at implant placement, 8 weeks, 1, 3, 5, and 10 years after loading. Results: Wholly implants were osteo-integrated positively after 10 years of practical loading, but only 18 were available for clinical and radiological follow-up, and 2 patients with two implants were excluded from the study due to relocation abroad without any implant failure. The average marginal bone loss (MBL) in the current report was 0.16 ± 0.167 mm at crown cementation, 0.275 ± 0.171 mm after 1 year, 0.265 ± 0.171 mm after 3 years, 0.213 ± 0.185 mm after 5 years, and 0.217 ± 0.194 mm at 10 years. Conclusion: The strategy of inserting and not removing the final abutment at the time of implant placement facilitates the establishment of adequate attachment of both soft and hard tissues to the abutment surface, ensuring uninterrupted organization of tissue architecture and offers advantages in helping maintain soft tissue maturation and preventing marginal bone level. Clinical significance: Immediately loaded implants in freshly extracted sockets lead to a significant reduction in marginal ridge resorption. The use of a temporary crown on a prefabricated abutment, exclusive of successive abutment manipulation, proved effective in preserving the primarily founding blood clot and served as a prototype for shaping the soft tissue around the previously wounded gum.

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