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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 4 ( November, 2004 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The Comparison of Various Oral Hygiene Strategies in Neuromusculary Disabled Individuals

Fatma Yeşim Bozkurt, Özlem Fentoğlu, Zuhal Yetkin

Citation Information : Yeşim Bozkurt F, Fentoğlu Ö, Yetkin Z. The Comparison of Various Oral Hygiene Strategies in Neuromusculary Disabled Individuals. J Contemp Dent Pract 2004; 5 (4):23-31.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-5-4-23

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-11-2004

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2004; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

This study aims to investigate the effect of various oral hygiene strategies on the symptoms of inflammation in neuromuscularly disabled patients and to define the optimum hygiene method.

Methods

Fifty-nine neuromuscularly disabled participants, suffering from cerebral palsy, were randomly divided into five groups as follows: Group M: manual toothbrush (n=14), Group E: electrically powered toothbrush (n=9), Group MC: manual toothbrush and chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) spray (n=13), Group EC: electrically powered toothbrush and CHX spray (n=9), and Group C: CHX spray (n=14). The oral hygiene applications were provided by the parents and staff. At baseline and after 21 days the plaque index (PI), the gingival index (GI), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded.

Results

In intra-group comparisons of the pre- and post-application scores, in all groups the PI and GI scores and BOP percentages, except in Group C, were found significantly different (p<0.05). There were significant differences among the post-application scores, between Group M and Group E and between Group C and Group E in PI scores; between Group C and Group E the difference in GI scores were found statistically significant (p<0.05).

Conclusions

Although all oral hygiene strategies reduced plaque and gingival inflammation, the results of our study suggested the electrically powered toothbrush could be more recommendable to neuromuscularly disabled people in these strategies, while the combined procedures appeared to be neither beneficial nor favorable.

Citation

Bozkurt FY, Fentoğlu Ö, Yetkin Z. The Comparison of Various Oral Hygiene Strategies in Neuromuscularly Disabled Individuals. J Contemp Dent Pract 2004 November;(5)4:023-031.


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