The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 2 ( May, 2005 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

The Effect of Bleaching Agents on the Surface Hardness of Tooth Colored Restorative Materials

Nadia Malek Taher

Citation Information : Taher NM. The Effect of Bleaching Agents on the Surface Hardness of Tooth Colored Restorative Materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2005; 6 (2):18-26.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-6-2-18

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 00-05-2005

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2005; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim of the Study

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of at-home (Opalesence/Dr. kit 15%, Ultradent, Products, Inc. South Jordan, UT, USA) and in-office (Superoxol 35%, Sultan Chemists, Inc., Englewood, NJ, USA) bleaching on the surface hardness of the following tooth colored restorative materials: composite resin, Point-4 (P4), Kerr Corporation, Orange, CA, USA; ormocer, Admira (AD),VOCO, Germany; compomer Dyract AP (DY), Dentsply DeTrey GmbH, Germany; and resin modified glass ionomer cement, Fuji II LC (FL), GC Corporation, Japan.

Methodology

Sixty specimens were prepared; 15 specimens of each material (each group n = 5, control after 15 days, at-home and in-office). All specimens were stored in distilled water at room temperature for 24 hrs before testing. A universal testing machine (Micromet 2100 series micro hardness testers) was used for testing Vicker's surface hardness for the three groups for every tested material. All results were statistically analyzed with one way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Post hoc Tukey HSD tests (P<0.05), and percentage changes for Tukey.

Results

All the tested materials showed an increase in Vicker's surface hardness between base line (24 hrs) and the control group after 15 days storage in distilled water except DY which showed a decrease in surface hardness. All tested materials showed a decrease in surface hardness from control group after 15 days and both at-home and in-office bleaching agents except DY which showed increased values.

Significance

At-home as well as in-office bleaching agents have a softening effect on some tooth colored restorative material, and the patient must be aware before using them.

Citation

Taher NM. The Effect of Bleaching Agents on the Surface Hardness of Tooth Colored Restorative Materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2005 May;(6)2:018-026.


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