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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 4 ( November, 2005 ) > List of Articles


The Significance of Marginal Gap and Overextension Measurement in the Evaluation of the Fit of Complete Crowns

Arne F. Boeckler, Anke Stadler, Jürgen M. Setz

Citation Information : Boeckler AF, Stadler A, Setz JM. The Significance of Marginal Gap and Overextension Measurement in the Evaluation of the Fit of Complete Crowns. J Contemp Dent Pract 2005; 6 (4):26-37.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-6-4-26

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-03-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2005; The Author(s).



An important criterion for the success of a crown is marginal fit. However, in the patient's mouth fit can only be evaluated by subjective methods. This study describes the correlation between objective marginal fit and its subjective evaluation by dentists and dental technicians.

Materials and Methods

Thirty human premolars and molars were randomly divided into six groups and prepared with a shoulder. For each of the six groups, complete crowns were made of different alloys and technologies (casting: AuAgCu, AuPdPt, PdAgAu, CoCrMo, and Ti; milling: Ti). The crowns were cemented with provisional cement. Ten dentists and 10 technicians were asked to evaluate the fit of the crowns with a new dental explorer. The crowns were then cleaned and cemented with a zinc-oxide-phosphate-cement. The marginal gap and a possible overextended margin of the crowns were examined under a special 4x light microscope with a magnification level of 560 X. The means of the gaps and the overextended margins were calculated for each group. Significances were detected by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the post-hoctest (Bonferroni, p<0.05). Correlations between objective measuring and subjective evaluation were evaluated using the Pearson test. The influence of the measured values on the subjective evaluation was determined by regression analyses.


Crowns made from different alloys and technologies showed partly significantly (p<0.05) different marginal gaps (mean ranging from 35ìm to 92ìm) and significantly (p<0.05) different overextended margins (mean ranging from 40ìm to 149ìm). There were significant correlations (p<0.05) between subjective findings and objective data. Significant correlations (p<0.01) were also found between the subjective findings of dentists and technicians. Compared to the marginal gap, only the overextended margin had a significant influence (p=0.00) on the subjective evaluations of the clinicians.


Crowns from different alloys and technologies showed differences in marginal fit. Marginal gap and the overextension of the crowns significantly correlated with the subjective evaluation of their fit by dentists and dental technicians. For the decision of the clinicians, whether a crown is acceptable, overextension was more important than marginal gap.


Boeckler AF, Stadler A, Setz JM. The Significance of Marginal Gap and Overextension Measurement in the Evaluation of the Fit of Complete Crowns. J Contemp Dent Pract 2005 November; (6)4:026-037.

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