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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 1 ( February, 2006 ) > List of Articles


The Attachment of V79 and Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts on Periodontally Involved Root Surfaces Following Treatment with EDTA, Citric Acid, or Tetracycline HCL: An SEM in vitro Study

R. Viswa Chandra, Ganesh Chandra Jagetia, K. Mahalinga Bhat

Citation Information : Chandra RV, Jagetia GC, Bhat KM. The Attachment of V79 and Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts on Periodontally Involved Root Surfaces Following Treatment with EDTA, Citric Acid, or Tetracycline HCL: An SEM in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006; 7 (1):35-43.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-1-35

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-07-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2006; The Author(s).



The present in vitro study has been designed to establish and compare the effects of citric acid, EDTA, and tetracycline HCl on human periodontally diseased roots on the structure, attachment, and orientation of V79 (primary Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts) cells and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPDL).

Materials and Methods

Commercially availableV79 cells and HPDL derived from healthy human third molars were used in this study. These fibroblasts were left in solution for seven days in order to attain confluence. Forty single-rooted teeth were obtained from patients diagnosed with periodontitis. The crown part was removed under constant irrigation and the root was split vertically into two equal halves, thus, yielding 80 specimens. Following scaling and root planing, the specimens were washed with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and kept in 50 μg/ml gentamycin sulphate solution for 24 hours. The root pieces were then treated as follows: citric acid at pH 1, 24% EDTA, or with a 10% solution of tetracycline HCl and were then placed in V79 fibroblast cultures and HPDL cultures. The specimens were harvested after four weeks and were fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde in PBS before preparation for scanning electron microscopy (SEM).


The behavior of V79 cells was similar to that of human periodontal ligament cells on root conditioned surfaces. V79 and HPDL showed a healthy morphology on root surfaces treated with citric acid and EDTA and a relatively unhealthy appearance on root surfaces treated with tetracycline HCl and distilled water (control group).


The results suggest the use of citric acid and EDTA as root conditioning agents favorably affects the migration, attachment, and morphology of fibroblasts on human root surfaces, which may play a significant role in periodontal healing and regeneration.


Chandra RV, Jagetia GC, Bhat KM. The Attachment of V79 and Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts on Periodontally Involved Root Surfaces Following Treatment with EDTA, Citric Acid, or Tetracycline HCL: An SEM in vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 February;(7)1:044-059.

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