The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( May, 2006 ) > List of Articles


The Reinforced Removable Retainer

Hayder A. Hashim, Salman AL-Suliaman, Jelly L. Cordovez

Citation Information : Hashim HA, AL-Suliaman S, Cordovez JL. The Reinforced Removable Retainer. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006; 7 (2):145-152.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-145

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-11-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2006; The Author(s).



AL-Suliaman S, Hashim HA, Cordovez JL. The Reinforced Removable Retainer. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006 May;(7)2:145-152.

PDF Share
  1. Text book of orthodontics. 4th edition. Chicago. Year book medical publisher Inc. 1988. 326-27.
  2. In visible orthodontics, current concepts and solutions in lingual orthodontics. Quintessenz Verlags- Gmb it. 2003.
  3. Contemporary Orthodontics. St. Louis CV, Mosby Co. 1986.455-70.
  4. A non-acrylic removable cast retainer (AL-Balkhi type) Saudi Dent. J. 1993;5,1:2-6.
  5. A removable retainer. Int. J. Orthodot. Oral Surg. 1919,;2:291-98.
  6. On the design of looped orthodontic retainer wires. Angle Orthod. 1991;61:211-20.
  7. Orthodontic treatment with removable appliances. 2nd Edition. Bristol, John Wright & Sons Limited. 1980, 152-62.
  8. Clinical and histologic observations on tooth movement during and after orthodontic treatment. Am. J. Orthod; 1967, 53:721-45.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.