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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2007 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Short-term Success of Osseointegrated Dental Implants in HIV-positive Individuals: A Prospective Study

Catherine M. Flaitz, C. Mark Nichols, Gene C. Stevenson, Patricia C. Riano, Antonio J. Moretti, Robert L. Engelmeier

Citation Information : Flaitz CM, Nichols CM, Stevenson GC, Riano PC, Moretti AJ, Engelmeier RL. Short-term Success of Osseointegrated Dental Implants in HIV-positive Individuals: A Prospective Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007; 8 (1):1-10.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-8-1-1

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Purpose

Except for the occasional case report, there are no studies evaluating the success rate of osseointegrated dental implants in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study investigated the short-term clinical outcome of implant placement in a group of HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals who required complete dentures.

Methods and Materials

Edentulous subjects were recruited from an HIV-dedicated clinic and a dental school clinic. Two BioHorizons® dental implants were placed in the anterior mandible to support an overdenture opposing a maxillary denture. Outcome measurements obtained six months after activation of implants were presence of pain, mobility, soft tissue status, and radiographic bone level. Descriptive statistics were used.

Results

Twenty-nine edentulous adults, including 20 HIV-positive subjects (test) and nine HIV-negative subjects (control), participated. The test group had six females, 14 males; 13 Whites, four African-Americans, and three Hispanics with a mean age of 48.9 years (range: 35-59). The mean CD4 count was 467 cells/mm3 (range: 132-948). The control group had six females, three males; seven Whites, and two Hispanics with a mean age of 65.3 years (range: 50-82). Short-term success rate was 100% for both groups. No difference in clinical outcome was found between the groups.

Conclusion

This study demonstrated dental implants are well tolerated and have predictable outcomes for HIV-infected individuals for the duration of the study and probably over an even longer term.

Citation

Stevenson GC, Riano PC, Moretti AJ, Nichols CM, Engelmeier RL, Flaitz CM. Short-term Success of Osseointegrated Dental Implants in HIV-positive Individuals: A Prospective Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007 January;(8)1:001-010.


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