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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2007 ) > List of Articles


Gap Formation between Different Cavity Walls and Resin Composite Systems on Primary and Permanent Teeth

Ozlem Tulunoglu, Asli Evren Ulker

Citation Information : Tulunoglu O, Ulker AE. Gap Formation between Different Cavity Walls and Resin Composite Systems on Primary and Permanent Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007; 8 (2):60-69.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-8-2-60

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; The Author(s).



The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of five self-etching and etch-rinse dentin-bonding agents in achieving a gap-free adaptation between the restorative material and the dentin in primary and permanent teeth.

Methods and Materials

Gaps located at the restoration dentin interface were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).


There were more gaps on the corner of the cavities, but no significant difference was detected between different cavity walls (p>0,05). Statistical results of the SEM analysis revealed fewer gaps in the restorations made with self-etching dentin bonding agents than etch-rinse agents at the restoration-dentin interface in both primary and permanent teeth.


Self-etching bonding systems were preferable in primary and permanent teeth according to the results of this study. However, further studies should be conducted to determine a favorable strategy to eliminate the gaps on the corners of cavities and maintain a gap-free adaptation between resin composite and tooth structure.


Tulunoglu O, Ulker AE. Gap Formation between Different Cavity Walls and Resin Composite Systems on Primary and Permanent Teeth. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007 February;(8)2:060-069.

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