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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 3 ( March, 2007 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

HIV: Infection Control Issues For Oral Healthcare Personnel

Geza T. Terezhalmy, Michaell A. Huber

Citation Information : Terezhalmy GT, Huber MA. HIV: Infection Control Issues For Oral Healthcare Personnel. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007; 8 (3):1-12.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-8-3-1

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-03-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

To present the essential elements of an infection control/exposure control plan in the oral healthcare setting with emphasis on HIV infection.

Methods and Materials

A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted with special emphasis on HIV-related infection control issues in the oral healthcare setting.

Results

Currently available knowledge related to HIV-related infection control issues is supported by data derived from well-conducted trials or extensive, controlled observations, or, in the absence of such data, by best-informed, most authoritative opinion available.

Conclusion

Essential elements of an effective HIV-related infection control plan include: (1) education and training related to the etiology and epidemiology of HIV infection and exposure prevention; (2) plans for the management of oral healthcare personnel potentially exposed to HIV and for the follow-up of oral healthcare personnel exposed to HIV; and (3) a policy for work restriction of HIV-positive oral healthcare personnel.

Clinical Significance

While exposure prevention remains the primary strategy for reducing occupational exposure to HIV, knowledge about potential risks and concise written procedures that promote a seamless response following occupational exposure can greatly reduce the emotional impact of an accidental needlestick injury.

Citation

Huber MA, Terezhalmy GT. HIV: Infection Control Issues For Oral Healthcare Personnel. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007 March;(8)3:001-012.


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