The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Register      Login

SEARCH WITHIN CONTENT

FIND ARTICLE

Volume / Issue

Online First

Archive
Related articles

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 6 ( September, 2007 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Presenting as Post-extraction Hemorrhage

Marcelo Zillo Martini, Jesús Saavedra Lopez, José Luiz Pinto Lima Gendler, Eduardo Vasques da Fonseca, Haroldo Arid Soares, Sergio Altini Franzi

Citation Information : Martini MZ, Lopez JS, Gendler JL, da Fonseca EV, Soares HA, Franzi SA. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Presenting as Post-extraction Hemorrhage. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007; 8 (6):43-49.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-8-6-43

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-09-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of this article is to present a case of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in order to emphasize the importance of the clinical exam since the anamnesis leads to a diagnostic hypothesis of ITP.

Background

Acute ITP is considered an autoimmune disease characterized by the production of antibodies against platelets, antigens produced by a viral infection, or a platelet sparing drug combination. These antibodies adhere to platelets and are recognized and destroyed by the reticulo-endothelial system. Consequently, the platelet count gradually diminishes and is insufficient for the maintenance of primary hemostasis.

Report

A 77-year-old woman presented with post-extraction intermittent bleeding. The physical examination revealed discoloration of the skin, multiple petechiae, hematomas, ecchymosis of the upper lip, bruises all over the body, gingiva that bled spontaneously, and a malformed blood clot at the extraction site of tooth #44. The hematological exams confirmed the hypothesis of ITP. The patient was immediately hospitalized in the Hematology Department of a local hospital and received platelet replacement, hydration, medication, and general care. After the spontaneous bleeding stopped, the malformed clot was removed using alveolar curettage along with a thorough cleaning of the extraction site with a 0.9% saline solution before suturing the wound and prescribing medication. After the sixth day of hospitalization, the patient presented with the following results: Hb: 12.3 mg/dL, Ht: 36.1%, and PC: 87,000 mm3. The patient was then discharged and was placed under outpatient follow-up care.

Summary

The importance of the clinical exam must be emphasized since the anamnesis leads to a diagnostic hypothesis of ITP and provides the dental surgeon with an opportunity to make important systemic alterations to improve the prognosis of a patient with ITP.

Citation

Martini MZ, Lopez JS Jr., Gendler JLPL, da Fonseca EV, Soares HA, Franzi SA. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Presenting as Post-extraction Hemorrhage. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007 September; (8)6:043-049.


PDF Share
  1. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura as postmyringotomy hemorrhage. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;125:1383-1384.
  2. Dental treatment for children with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopaenic purpura: a report of two cases. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2004;14:355-362.
  3. Acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a case report. Dent Update. 2004;31:92-96.
  4. Acute idiopathic thrombocytopaenic purpura in childhood: report of a case presenting in general dental practice. Br Dent J. 1997;183:27-29.
  5. Acute idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1984;57(2):149-151.
  6. Spec Care Dentist. 2003;23(2):58-62.
  7. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura presenting as gingival bleeding. J Mass Dent Soc. 2003;52(2)42-43.
  8. Dentoalveolar trauma in a patient with chronic idiopathic thrombocitopenic purpura: a case report. Pediatr Dent. 2004;26(4):352-354.
  9. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: report of a case. J Am Dent Assoc. 1975;90(3):640-643.
  10. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic purpura. A retrospective Analysis in 139 patients of the influence of age on the response to corticosteroids, splenectomy and danazol. Drugs Aging. 2003; 20(11):841-846.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.