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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2008 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Osteonecrosis of the Jaws Secondary to Bisphosphonate Therapy: A Case Series

Satish K. S. Kumar, Michael C. Meru, Parish P. Sedghizadeh

Citation Information : Kumar SK, Meru MC, Sedghizadeh PP. Osteonecrosis of the Jaws Secondary to Bisphosphonate Therapy: A Case Series. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008; 9 (1):63-69.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-9-1-63

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2008; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The objective of this report is to present the clinical experiences of several patients affected with osteonecrosis (ONJ) secondary to bisphosphonate (BP) therapy and to provide a discussion of the specific BPs implicated in this condition.

Background

ONJ secondary to BP therapy is becoming an increasingly reported complication following dental therapy. This is particularly true of surgical dental procedures such as extractions. BPs are a class of pharmaceuticals used in the treatment of numerous disorders affecting bone, including osteoporosis, cancer metastases to bone, hypercalcemia of malignancy, and multiple myeloma. Although ONJ is a more recently described phenomenon, it is an emerging problem that may be associated with significant morbidity such as oral dysfunction, impaired eating ability, pain, and compromised esthetics resulting in a poor quality of life in affected patients.

Case Report

This is a description of 13 patients affected with ONJ secondary to BP therapy managed at the Orofacial Pain & Oral Medicine Center, Special Patients Clinic, and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic at the University of Southern California, School of Dentistry between October 2005 and April 2007, with a discussion of the specific BPs implicated in this condition, the clinical presentation, management, and follow-up.

Summary

Thorough reporting of every case of ONJ is important to help advance the understanding of this poorly understood condition. The authors’ approach to care represents a more conservative mode to management than previously described by many investigators.

Citation

Kumar SKS, Meru MC, Sedghizadeh PP. Osteonecrosis of the Jaws Secondary to Bisphosphonate Therapy: A Case Series. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008 January;(9)1:063-069.


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