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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 2 ( February, 2008 ) > List of Articles


Comparison of the Heat Generation of Light Curing Units

Bora Bağiş, Yildirim Bagis, Ertan Ertas, Seda Ustaomer

Citation Information : Bağiş B, Bagis Y, Ertas E, Ustaomer S. Comparison of the Heat Generation of Light Curing Units. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008; 9 (2):65-72.

DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-9-2-65

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Published Online: 01-07-2009

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2008; The Author(s).



The aim of this study was to evaluate the heat generation of three different types of light curing units.

Methods and Materials

Temperature increases were recorded from a distance of 1 mm from a thermocouple to the tip of three different types of light curing units including one quartz-tungsten halogen (QTH), one plasma arc (PAC), and one light emitting diode (LED) unit. An experimental model was designed to fix the 1 mm distance between the tip of the light curing units and the thermocouple wire. Temperature changes were recorded in 10 second intervals up to 40 seconds. (10, 20, 30, and 40 seconds). Temperature measurements were repeated three times for every light curing unit after a one hour standby period. Statistical analysis of the results was performed using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Bonferroni Test.


The highest temperature rises (54.4±1.65°C) occurred during activation of a PAC light curing unit for every test period (p<.05). The least temperature increase (11.8±1.3°C) occurred with a LED curing unit for each tested period except for the measurement of the temperature rise using the QTH curing unit at the tenth second interval (p<.05).


These results indicate the choice of light activation unit and curing time is important when polymerizing light activated resin based restorations to avoid any thermal damage to the pulp.


Bagis B, Bagis Y, Ertas E, Ustaomer S. Comparison of the Heat Generation of Light Curing Units. J Contemp Dent Pract 2008 February;(9)2:065-072.

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