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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2014 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of Marginal Alveolar Bone Height for Early Detection of Periodontal Disease in Pediatric Population: Clinical and Radiographic Study

Varun Sardana, Shobha Deshpande, Anand Shigli, Guneet Gogia

Citation Information : Sardana V, Deshpande S, Shigli A, Gogia G. Evaluation of Marginal Alveolar Bone Height for Early Detection of Periodontal Disease in Pediatric Population: Clinical and Radiographic Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (1):37-45.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1185

Published Online: 01-02-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.



To establish a normal range for the radiographic distance between cementoenamel junction and alveolar bone crest and the factors affecting distances for the early assessment of periodontal disease in Dravidian pediatric population.


Fifty children aged 6 to 8 years were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Clinical and radiographic examination was performed. All the surfaces were examined starting from the distal surface of primary canine to the mesial surface of first permanent molar. The various risk factors like plaque, calculus, proximal caries, restoration and bleeding on probing were recorded. A pair of bitewing radiographs was taken for each child. Bitewing radiographs were traced and analyzed.


It showed that CEJ-ABC distance in primary teeth is about 1 ± 0.5 mm. In the permanent teeth, it was found to be 0.6 ± 0.5 mm in 6 to 8 years age group. CEJ-ABC distance was also affected by different variables like physiologic (eruption and exfoliation) and pathologic factors (plaque, calculus, dental caries, restorations, stainless steel crowns, bleeding on probing and probing depth).


CEJ-ABC distances greater than 2.5 mm should be considered under recall and follow-up. Children and adolescents susceptible to periodontal disease should be identified by radiographic means as early as possible in order to prevent the advance of an otherwise possibly destructive disease. The concept of oral health examination and treatment must include examination of the periodontal status of the patient.

How to cite this article

Sardana V, Balappanavar AY, Deshpande S, Shigli A, Indushekar KR, Gogia G. Evaluation of Marginal Alveolar Bone Height for Early Detection of Periodontal Disease in Pediatric Population: Clinical and Radiographic Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(1):37-45.

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