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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2014 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Clinical Aspects and Conservative Dental Management of a Patient with Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva

Francisco Artur Forte Oliveira, Clarissa Pessoa Fernandes, Kenia Samara Barbosa Araujo, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes Alves, Fabrício Bitu Sousa, Mário Rogério Lima Mota

Citation Information : Oliveira FA, Fernandes CP, Araujo KS, Alves AP, Sousa FB, Mota MR. Clinical Aspects and Conservative Dental Management of a Patient with Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014; 15 (1):122-126.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1501

Published Online: 00-02-2014

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

To present the clinical findings of a patient with Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP), highlighting peculiarities of dental treatment in patients with this condition.

Background

FOP is a rare genetic disease characterized by skeletal malformations and ectopic ossifications in skeletal muscles, tendons, ligaments and aponeurosis. Exacerbation of these ossifications can be caused by dental treatment, resulting in disease progression.

Case description

A 26-year-old male patient with a diagnosis of FOP was referred to our service for dental treatment. The patient presented decreased mobility in peripheral joints (knees and elbows), postural disability (ankylosis of the vertebral column), lateral deviation and shortness of the hallux, as well as heterotopic ossifications on the hands and back. The implementation of conservative dental procedures, such as oral hygiene instructions and recurrent topical fluoride applications, were performed in addition to endodontic and restorative treatments. Brief dental appointments were conducted without using regional anesthesia or dental dam clamps. The dental chair was positioned at 45° to provide more comfort and to avoid exacerbating the disease. The patient has now completed 6 months of follow-up and is free of heterotopic ossifications resulting from dental treatment.

Conclusion

The dental treatment modifications implemented for the present case were sufficient to establish good oral health and to prevent the formation of heterotopic ossifications in the maxillofacial region.

Clinical significance

FOP is a rare disease dentists must familiarize themselves with to provide adequate, personalized treatment, which minimizes traumas that may exacerbate the disease.

How to cite this article

Oliveira FAF, Fernandes CP, Araujo KSB, Alves APNN, Sousa FB, Mota MRL. Clinical Aspects and Conservative Dental Management of a Patient with Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(1):122-126.


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